Abstract P302: Lack of Obesity Paradox in 30 Day and Annual Cumulative Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Readmissions
Background: Recent study demonstrated paradoxical relationship between body mass Index (BMI) and all cause mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart Failure (ADHF), where higher BMI was associated with decreased mortality. We sought to test whether this relationship exists between BMI and ADHF readmissions
Methods: Consecutive patients presented to the emergency department from March 2014 to July 2015 with the diagnosis of ADHF were analyzed in a retrospective cohort study. Cohort was grouped in to prespecified BMI categories; normal weight (BMI <26 Kg/m2 ), Over weight (BMI 25-30 Kg/m2 ) and Obese (BMI >30 Kg/m2 and above). Primary endpoints were incidence of 30 day ADHF readmission and time to first ADHF readmission from the index hospitalization. Patients with end stage COPD on home O2, cirrhosis and end stage renal failure on dialysis were excluded. Unplanned hospitalizations due to other cause than ADHF were excluded. ADHF hospitalizations were adjudicated by an independent blinded clinician
Results: Cohort (N=188) consisted 51(27.1%) normal weight, 61 (32.4%) over weight and 76 (40.4%) obese patients. Females were 63% (N=119), patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction were 47% (N=90), Obese [BMI 31(28-38) Kg/m2; Median (IQR)] patients were younger (median age; 77 years vs 83 years; P=0.002), whereas other covariates were similar between groups. In median follow up of 1.2 years, total 30 day ADHF readmissions were 32 and total ADHF admissions were 214. Incidence of both 30 day and total ADHF readmissions were similar in all 3 BMI categories; ANOVA P=0.18 (30 day ADHF readmissions) and P= 0.62 (total ADHF readmissions). Obesity was neither associated with risk for 30 day readmission; OR=0.64 (CI: 0.20 - 2.0; P= 0.45) nor with the time to first ADHF readmission from the index hospitalization; log rank P=0.5 (Figure 1)
Conclusions: Higher BMI is not protective against ADHF readmissions in patients with ADHF. Further studies are needed in larger data sets to validate our findings.
Author Disclosures: R. Valadri: None. N. Singhania: None. D. Deborah: None. R. English: None. L. Naing: None. K. Desai: None. M. Litchman: None. T. Linda: None. S. Pancholy: None. E. Veledar: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.