Abstract P262: Resequencing Study Identifies Epithelial Sodium Channel Genes and Novel Low Frequency Variants Associated with Blood Pressure Salt-sensitivity: The GenSalt Study
Christopher E. Anderson, Changwei Li, Jiang He, Dongfeng Gu, Dabeeru C. Rao, James E. Hixson, Lawrence C. Shimmin, Jianfeng Huang, Charles C. Gu, Jichun Chen, Jianxin Li, Tanika N. Kelly
Genetic association studies have identified significant associations between common variants from the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) genes and blood pressure responses to dietary sodium interventions. The roles of low-frequency and rare ENaC variants in blood pressure salt-sensitivity remain largely unexplored. To test this hypothesis, we conducted an ENaC candidate gene resequencing study among participants in the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Salt-Sensitivity (GenSalt). The GenSalt study was conducted among 1,906 participants from 633 families who underwent a 7-day low-sodium (51.3 mmol sodium/day) followed by a 7-day high-sodium (307.8 mmol sodium/day) feeding-study. We chose the 300 GenSalt subjects with the highest and 300 GenSalt subjects with the lowest mean arterial pressure responses to the high sodium intervention to participate in the current resequencing study. Functional regions of three ENaC subunit genes (SCNN1A, SCNN1B and SCNN1G) were resequenced using the VariantSEQrTM system (Applied Biosystems; Foster City, CA). For gene-based analyses, variants with MAF less than 5% were first collapsed within each ENaC gene. The collapsed indicator variable was then tested for association with blood pressure salt-sensitivity using generalized estimating equations (GEE) to accommodate correlation of genotypes due to family structure and adjust for the fixed effects of age, gender and field center. Single variant analyses were performed for all low-frequency variants with a minor allele frequency (MAF) greater than 1% and less than 5%, again using GEE to accommodate family structure and adjust for covariables. We did not identify any associations between ENaC genes and blood pressure salt-sensitivity in the gene-based analyses. However, single variant analysis identified a novel association between a low-frequency variant in SCNN1G, rs148083677, and blood pressure salt-sensitivity (P=0.02). Each minor allele was associated with 71% lower odds of blood pressure salt-sensitivity. Although replication studies are needed, these findings provide promising evidence of a role for low-frequency ENaC variants in blood pressure salt-sensitivity.
Author Disclosures: C.E. Anderson: None. C. Li: None. J. He: None. D. Gu: None. D.C. Rao: None. J.E. Hixson: None. L.C. Shimmin: None. J. Huang: None. C.C. Gu: None. J. Chen: None. J. Li: None. T.N. Kelly: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.