Abstract P259: Genetic Risk Score, Lifestyle Cardiovascular Risk Score, and Myocardial Infarction in Hispanics
Background: A genetic risk score (GRS) and a lifestyle cardiovascular risk score (LCRS) have been independently associated with myocardial infarction (MI) in Hispanics. However, it is unknown if there is an interaction or a joint association between these scores.
Objectives: To assess the interactive and joint associations between a GRS and a LCRS, as well as each individual lifestyle risk factor on the likelihood of MI.
Methods: Data included 1534 Costa Rican adults with nonfatal acute MI and 1534 without MI participating in a case-control study. The GRS was calculated by summing the number of the top three MI-associated risk alleles. The LCRS was calculated using the estimated coefficients as weights for each lifestyle risk factors (diet, physical activity, smoking, waist:hip ratio, low or high alcohol intake, and low socioeconomic status). Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR), adjusting for age, sex, and area of residence (matching condition), and to test for interaction and joint association.
Results: The multivariable OR for MI was 1.14 (95% CI 1.07, 1.22) per GRS unit and 2.72 (2.33, 3.91) per LCRS unit. Participants in the highest tertile of the GRS and highest tertile of the LCRS had higher odds of MI (5.43 [3.80, 7.76]) compared to those in the lowest category. A significant joint association was detected (p <0.0001), while the interaction term was non-significant (p=0.44). Similar results were found for the joint association between GRS and each individual lifestyle component: joint odds for highest risk category vs. lowest was 2.16 (1.53, 3.04) for diet, 1.85 (1.33, 2.59) for physical activity, 3.31 (2.45, 4.48) for smoking, 1.32 (0.92, 1.89) for alcohol, 2.84 (1.82, 4.42) for waist:hip ratio, and 1.86 (1.29, 2.69) for socioeconomic status.
Conclusion: Although lifestyle risk factors and genetics contribute independently and in combination to the odds of MI, lifestyle risk factors were stronger among Costa Ricans. Efforts to improve lifestyle behaviors in this population, regardless of genetic susceptibility, may help prevent MI and related heart conditions.
Author Disclosures: M. Sotos-Prieto: None. A. Baylin: None. H. Campos: None. L. Qi: None. J. Mattei: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.