Abstract P243: Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption is Not Associated with Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaques in the Coronary Arteries: The NHLBI Family Heart Study
Background: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with higher risk of weight gain, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular mortality. However, the association of SSB with subclinical atherosclerosis in the general population is unknown.
Hypothesis: Our primary hypothesis is that higher intake of SSB is associated with a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries in NHLBI Family Heart Study.
Methods: In a cross-sectional design, we studied 1990 participants of the NHLBI Family Heart Study without known coronary heart disease. SSB was assessed through a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire by asking how often participants consumed 1 glass of regular soda, diet soda, and fruit punch/kool-aid. Coronary-artery calcium (CAC) was measured by cardiac CT. We defined prevalent CAC using an Agatston score of at least 100 and used generalized estimating equations to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios of CAC in SAS 9.3 software.
Results: Mean age and BMI were 55.0 years and 29.5 kg/m2 respectively, and 60% were female. In adjusted analysis for age, sex, BMI, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, total calories, and field center, higher SSB consumption was not associated with higher prevalence of CAC (Table1). In a sensitivity analysis, there was no evidence of association between SSB and prevalent CAC when CAC cut points of 0, 50, 150, 200, and 300 were used.
Conclusions: These data do not provide evidence for an association between SSB consumption and prevalent CAC in adult men and women.
Author Disclosures: Y.R. Patel: None. T.F. Imran: None. R.C. Ellison: None. G. Heiss: None. S.C. Hunt: None. J.J. Carr: None. D.K. Arnett: None. J.S. Pankow: None. J.M. Gaziano: None. L. Djousse: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.