Abstract P003: Comparison of Ideal Cardiovascular Health Status Across National Representative Cohorts: A Systematic Review
Introduction: In 2010, the American Heart Association set 2020 national goals for promoting cardiovascular health (CVH), emphasizing measurement of reproducible health behaviors and health factors and attaining ideal CVH status. In recent years, significant emphasis has been placed on adopting these metrics globally to monitor strategies to improve CVH. In this study, we synthesize available data to compare distribution of CVH metric metrics detailed in national representative cohorts a focus on presence of ideal CVH (ICVH).
Method: A MEDLINE database search was conducted using relevant free text terms such as “life’s simple 7”, “AHA 2020”, “American Heart Association 2020” and “Ideal cardiovascular health”. Ideal CVH was defined as 6-7 ideal factors; conversely poor ICVH was considered as 0-1 ideal factors.
Results: The pooled data comprised of 7 cross-national cohorts with a total of 152289 participants from India, United States, China, Spain, Korea, Luxembourg and Republic of Srpska. Significant variations in individual ideal CVH metrics were noted. Across population cohorts, diet metric consistently appeared suboptimal apart from Korea in which 55% participants reported ideal diet status. Overall majority population in each of the 7 cross-national cohorts lied in the range having 2-5 ideal CV health metrics (79-88%). A very small percentage of each population had 0-1 METRICS, with Spain, USA and Republic of Srpska having the highest percentage (18%) of reported poor ICVH. On the other hand, only representative cohorts from China and Korea reported ideal CVH status in more than 10% population.
Conclusion: Overall suboptimal proportion of national representative cohorts have reported ideal CVH status. Significant efforts are needed to streamline current policies for enhancing CVH and sharpening focus interventions that will yield the greatest sustainable improvement in population CVH status.
Author Disclosures: A. Younus: None. R. Malik: None. R. Ahmad: None. S. Ali: None. M. Aziz: None. S. Bukhari: None. O. Ogunmoroti: None. C. Osondu: None. M. Younus: None. L. Roberson: None. M. Latif: None. C. Humayun: None. E. Veledar: None. K. Nasir: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.