Abstract 9955: Outcomes of Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Patients - A Pooled Analysis
Objectives: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM.) Aggressive rhythm control is recommended for this group of patients and radiofrequency catheter ablation is emerging as a frontline strategy. This pooled analysis aims to study the efficacy and outcomes of AF ablation in HCM patients
Methods: PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify all studies describing the outcomes of catheter ablation of AF in HCM. Data from identified studies was extracted and pooled analysis was carried out using CMA 2 software. Pooled adjusted procedure duration and incident rates of recurrence and adverse events were calculated using random effects model.
Results: A total of 11 studies with 384 patients were included in this study. For the index procedure, mean procedural time, radio frequency ablation and fluoroscopy times were 207.3 minutes, 39.7 minutes and 62.4 minutes respectively. The adjusted incidence of major ablation-related complications (death, stroke, transient ischemic attack, peripheral embolism, cardiac tamponade or perforation, valvular damage, arteriovenous fistula requiring surgical intervention, and a large vascular access site hematoma resulting in a drop of hemoglobin level by 2 g/dL) was 4 per 100 procedures (95% CI 2.1 - 7.5%). The recurrence of AF after index ablation during the mean follow up period of 14.5 months occurred in 58% (95% CI 50 -66%) of the patients (Figure1).
Conclusion: The results of our analysis suggest that there is a high rate of recurrence of AF in HCM patients who undergo single AF ablation. The risk of complications with AF ablation appears to be low in this group of patients. Further studies are needed to assess the impact of multiple ablations on long term outcomes in these patients.
Author Disclosures: V. Yarlagadda: None. A. Kanmanthareddy: None. P.A. Dherange: None. P. Agasthi: None. A. Mahankhali Sridhar: None. S. Bommana: None. D. Atkins: None. A. Natale: None. L. Di Biase: None. D. Lakkireddy: None. M. Reddy: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.