Abstract 9947: Predictors of Left Ventricular Dysfunction After Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients With Mixed Aortic Valve Disease
Objectives: Predictors of left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD) have not been studied. Objective was to determine prevalence and predictors of early and late LVD at 1 and 5 years post-AVR.
Methods: Retrospective review of 247 patients (Age 63±8 years, males 81%) with moderate/severe MAVD who underwent AVR at the Mayo Clinic from 1994-2013. Only patients with follow-up data at 1 year post AVR were included (n=239). Cohort divided into 3 groups based on data collected prior to AVR, 1 and 5 years post AVR. LVD was defined as ejection fraction <50%.
Results: LVD was present in 11/239 at baseline. At 1-year post AVR, 181 had normal EF (group 1) while 58/239 (24%) had early LVD (group 2). Predictors of LVD were atrial fibrillation (hazard ratio [HR] 1.83 confidence interval [CI] 1.59-1.98, p=0.001), age >70 years (HR: 3.12, CI: 2.33-4.18, p= <0.0001), CABG (HR: 2.17, CI: 2.24-5.93, p= <0.0001), and severe MAVD pre-operatively (HR: 2.87, CI: 2.33-3.17, p= 0.01), and hypertension (HR: 1.83, CI: 1.35-2.46, p= <0.0001). Prevalence of late LVD was 24% (47/197-group 3) and LVMI at 1 year post AVR was predictive of late LVD (HR 1.65, CI 1.11-3.8 per 10 g/ m2 increment, p= 0.04)). Group 2 had less reverse LV remodeling compared to group 1 at 1 year post AVR (142±39 vs 129±42 g/ m2, p=0.02).
Conclusions: Risk of LVD was significant even in subset of patients with moderate MAVD. Risk stratification of MAVD should be based on both clinical and echocardiographic parameters. Our data suggest earlier surgical intervention may be required in the MAVD population to prevent postoperative LVD but further studies are needed.
Figure legend: FU: follow up
Author Disclosures: A. Egbe: None. J. Poterucha: None. C. Warnes: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.