Abstract 9740: Factors Associated With Performing Urgent Coronary Angiography in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Introduction: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with high mortality and is most commonly caused by cardiovascular disease. Current guidelines recommend urgent coronary angiography (UCA) if ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or high suspicion of acute myocardial infarction exist. Some have advocated for UCA in all OHCA without an obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest. The reasons for large clinical variation in performance of UCA in OHCA are not well understood.
Objective: We sought to identify factors associated with performing UCA in OHCA.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 535 consecutive cardiac arrest patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and were admitted at a tertiary academic medical center from January 2008 to August 2014. Exclusion criteria included in-hospital cardiac arrests (201), outside hospital UCA (8), and lack of medical records (1). Univariable analysis followed by multivariable forward selection forcing age and gender were used to determine correlates of performing UCA, defined as within 6 hours of presentation.
Results: Out of 325 resuscitated OHCA patients (mean age, 64; women, 35%), 69 were taken to UCA. Factors associated with performing UCA were history of coronary artery disease (CAD) (OR 2.76, 95% CI 1.22-6.28), initial shockable rhythm (OR 3.04, 95% CI 1.31-7.06), following commands post-ROSC (OR 2.77, 95% CI 1.06-7.25), and STEMI (OR 15.17, 95% CI 6.57-35.04). Increasing age (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95-0.999) and obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.37) were negatively associated. Gender, prior stroke, dementia, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hypotension, contraindication to anticoagulant, presenting from nursing home or rehabilitation, do not resuscitate order prior to admission, non-English primary language, and presenting during off-hours were not associated with the decision for UCA.
Conclusions: In resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, history of CAD, shockable rhythm, ability to follow commands, and STEMI were associated with performing urgent coronary angiography. Older patients and those with an obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest were less likely to receive coronary angiography.
Author Disclosures: D.H. Lam: None. L.M. Glassmoyer: None. R.B. Davis: None. D.E. Cutlip: Other Research Support; Modest; MEDTRONIC, Boston Scientific, Celonova. M.W. Donnino: None. M.N. Cocchi: None. D.S. Pinto: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.