Abstract 20100: Parental Presence at Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Bedside Transfer Rounds Reduces Parental Anxiety: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Introduction: The transfer of children from the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU) to the ward is a time of great anxiety for the parents of children and medical vulnerability for children who are receiving complex therapies.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that parental presence at bedside transfer rounds would reduce parental anxiety and improve patient safety following transfer of children from PCICU to the ward.
Methods: We undertook a randomized controlled trial of children discharged from the PCICU to the ward. Consenting parents were randomized to be absent (control group) or present (intervention group) at multidisciplinary face to face bedside transfer rounds. The primary outcome measure was parental stress measured by the validated Spielberger’s State -Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) pre and post transfer. Secondary outcome measures included unplanned readmission to the PCICU, medication errors and emergency calls to the ward. We excluded patients being transferred between intensive care units.
Results: We enrolled 230 subjects (control group n=93, intervention group n=91, failed to complete study n= 46). The 2 groups were matched with respect to gender (male 46% control vs 54% intervention), age (median age control 1.9 yrs (range 0.02 to 16.3) vs intervention 0.9 (0.02 to 17), parental age 32 yrs (18-64) vs 33 (20-60), parental years of schooling 15.5 years ( 7-26) vs 15 (9-24), presence of medical co-morbidities (33% each group). There was significantly greater reduction in trait (p=0.004, state (p=0.01) and total anxiety (p=0.0012) pre and post transfer in the intervention group vs the control group. There were no differences in minor medication errors (36 vs 33), unplanned PCICU re-admissions (11 vs 12) and emergency ward calls(7 vs 8)
Conclusions: Parental presence at face to face multidisciplinary transfer rounds from the PCICU is associated with reduced parental anxiety without change in medication errors, readmission rates or emergency calls to the ward. Reduced parental anxiety may improve parental satisfaction with their child’s care.
Author Disclosures: V. Anand: None. E. Williams: None. M. Elgendi: None. L. Meakins: None. C. Cunningham: None. H. McCrady: None. G. Tawfiq: None. N. Devlin: None. K. Shine: None. B. Larsen: None. I. Rebeyka: None. I. Adatia: Research Grant; Significant; Research funded by a peer reviewed grant of $50,000 from the Canadian Medical Protection Association.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.