Abstract 20041: Single Ventricle Outcome Following Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein’s Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure
Background: We have previously shown that neonates in profound cardiogenic shock due to severe Ebstein’s anomaly can be successfully salvaged with fenestrated right ventricular (RV) exclusion and systemic to pulmonary shunt (modified Starnes procedure). The long-term outcome of single ventricle management in these patients is not known.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 26 patients who underwent neonatal Starnes procedure between 1989 and 2011. Patient demographics, clinical variables and outcome data were collected. Data is presented as mean ± standard errors or median (interquartile ranges).
Results: 26 patients (12, 46% boys) underwent Starnes procedure at 7 (5-9) days of life. All were intubated and on prostacyclin infusion, 24 (92%) were inotrope-dependent and 23 (88%) had no antegrade flow from the RV. Two patients had had prior intervention (one tricuspid annuloplasty and one shunt alone). Three patients underwent non-fenestrated RV exclusion, two (67%) of whom died. Of the remaining 23, 3 (13%) died during the same hospitalization. The 21 neonatal survivors have been followed for 7 (6-8) years. One patient died after Glenn. The remaining 20 have successfully undergone Fontan completion with an indexed pulmonary resistance of 1.8 (1.2-2.3) W/m2 and mean pulmonary pressure of 12 (9-18) mm Hg. At last follow-up, all patients have normal left ventricular function, and all but one patient are in NYHA Class I symptoms. Two patients have required pacemaker implantation, while the rest are in sinus rhythm. Survival at 1, 5 and 10 years are 81±4%, 77±3% and 77±3%, respectively.
Conclusion: Long-term single ventricle outcomes amongst neonatal survivors of modified Starnes procedure are excellent. There is reliable remodeling of the excluded RV and excellent function of the left ventricle.
Author Disclosures: S. Kumar: None. N. Noh: None. N. Castillo: None. B. Fagan: None. G. Kung: None. W.J. Wells: None. V.A. Starnes: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.