Abstract 19892: Association Between Estimated-glomerular Filtration Rate and Clinical Outcomes at One Year After Acute Ischemic Stroke
Introduction: The relationship between estimated-glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and acute ischemic stroke outcomes remains controversial.
Hypothesis: We aimed to evaluate the impact of eGFR on all-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, and vascular events in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Methods: 4036 patients with acute ischemic stroke recruited from 26 hospitals across China from August 2009 to May 2013 were included in our study. GFR was estimated by CKD-EPI equations based on serum creatinine and/or cystatin C (CKD-EPIcr, CKD-EPIcys, and CKD-EPIcr-cys). The Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the relationship between declined eGFR and 1-year all-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, and vascular events. Declined eGFR was defined as <60 mL/min /1.73 m2.
Results: Declined eGFR was present in 7.22% (n=281) of patients based on the CKD-EPIcr equation, 3.43% (n=119) based on the CKD-EPIcys equation, and 5.67% (n=170) based on the CKD-EPIcr-cys equation. Compared to patients with an eGFR ≥90 mL/min /1.73 m2, adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for all-cause mortality associated with eGFR<60 mL/min /1.73 m2 were 1.68 (1.06 to 2.66, p=0.026), 2.29 (1.29 to 4.06, p=0.005), and 1.79 (1.08 to 2.98, p=0.024) using CKD-EPIcr, CKD-EPIcys, and CKD-EPIcr-cys equations, respectively. For recurrent stroke, adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) were 0.90 (0.49 to 1.66, p=0.743), 0.60 (0.19 to 1.93, p=0.393), and 0.89 (0.40 to 1.95, p=0.762), respectively. For vascular events, adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) were 1.33 (0.81 to 2.19, p=0.266), 1.07 (0.46 to 2.47, p=0.880), and 1.31 (0.70 to 2.43, p=0.403), respectively.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that declined eGFR is a strong independent risk factor for total mortality among patients with acute ischemic stroke. However, there is no association between low eGFR and recurrent stroke or vascular events among patients with acute ischemic stroke. In addition, the association of eGFR with all-cause mortality among patients with acute ischemic stroke is stronger when eGFR was calculated based on the CKD-EPIcys equation compared to CKD-EPIcr and CKD-EPIcr-cys equations.
Author Disclosures: X. bu: None. Y. Zhang: None. T. Xu: None. H. Peng: None. J. Chen: None. J. He: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.