Abstract 19690: Association of Pericardial Fat Density With Progression of Coronary Artery Calcification Differs by Diabetes Status in the CACTI Study
Density of adipose tissue can be measured by CT attenuation in Hounsfield Units (HU). Increased visceral fat density has been associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). However, the relationship between pericardial fat density and CAC is unknown. We examined the association of pericardial fat density (PAT HU) with the presence (CAC > 0) and progression of CAC in the Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes study (CACTI). CACTI is a prospective cohort study of adults with and without type 1 diabetes (T1D) with a mean age of 38 years (±9) at baseline. Participants were free of CVD at the time of enrollment in the study. PAT volume was measured from baseline EBCT scans within a range of HU from -190 to -30. CAC was measured at baseline and at the follow-up exam with a mean follow-up of 6 years (±0.5). Logistic regression was used to examine the association between PAT HU and CAC. Prevalence of CAC was defined as any CAC (>0) at baseline. Progression of CAC was defined as a change in volume of ≥2.5 square-root transformed units between the baseline and followup exams. PAT volume and triglycerides were log transformed. Interaction terms for diabetes and PAT HU were tested in the models. PAT data were available on 1319 subjects for the prevalence model, and 952 for the progression model. PAT HU was significantly higher (less-negative) in those with T1D compared to those without (-75.7 ±3.7 vs -77.8 ±4.2; p<0.001). Results from the regression models are shown in table 1. Increasing PAT HU was significantly associated with the prevalence of CAC in both those with T1D and without. However, increasing PAT HU was significantly associated with progression of CAC only in those with T1D. These results suggest that higher PAT fat density may be an important factor in subclinical atherosclerosis, particularly for those with T1D.
Author Disclosures: A.C. Alman: None. S.R. Smith: None. P.R. Sudini: None. R.H. Eckel: None. J.E. Hokanson: None. B.R. Burkhardt: None. J.K. Snell-Bergeon: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.