Abstract 19639: Reducing Educational Barriers to Address Cpr Training Disparities in a Large Us Urban Community
Background: Bystander CPR (BCPR) is a crucial therapy for cardiac arrest, yet less than 30%of victims receive it in most communities. Previous research has shown that BCPR training rates vary significantly according to community socioeconomicstatus (SES), with black or Hispanic individuals and those with low medianhousehold incomes being statistically less likely to have CPR training. We sought to test whether a community-based mobile layperson training approach that removed both cost and transportation barriers would target these disparities.
Objective: To characterize the impact of our mobile layperson training intervention in a low-SES population through descriptive statistics and choropleth mapping of CPR training activity and associated SES.
Design/Methods: A survey study of subjects trained through the mobile training intervention between 03/2013 and 03/2015 in which subjects’ demographics, prior CPR training status, and residential location were collected and analyzed. Subjects’ neighborhood SES at the block group level was ascertained using 2010 United States Census data.
Results: Of 5789 subjects trained, 70% completed a demographic survey. 65% were female, 32% identified as white-Hispanic, 43% as black non-Hispanic, and 17% as white non-Hispanic. Of those > 18 years of age, 71% did not complete college. 65% reported never having received CPR training. Attached figure represents the census block groups of the City of Hartford by those trained by the mobile project (A) and associated SES (B). The census block groups with > 90 individuals trained were of low SES.
Conclusion: A CPR training approach without transportation or cost barriers was successful in reaching a population of low-SES trainees with little previous exposure to CPR education. This approach holds promise as a scalable method to address SES disparities in BCPR provision.
Author Disclosures: K. Sheak: None. L. Hatchman: None. J. Dunstan: None. H. Lynch: None. C. Huerta: None. M. Leary: Research Grant; Significant; AHA Grant, Laerdal Grant. Other Research Support; Modest; Styrker, PhysioControl (In-kind support), Laerdal (in-kind support). Ownership Interest; Modest; ResusCOR. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; AHA Subcommittee, Guidelines Writing Group. B.S. Abella: Research Grant; Modest; Medivance Corp, Velomedix, HeartSine. Research Grant; Significant; NHLBI, Medtronic, Doris Duke, Phillips. Ownership Interest; Modest; ResusCOR.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.