Abstract 19572: Elevated PETCO2 During Cardiac Resuscitation Without Return of Spontaneous Circulation
Background: Quantitative End-Tidal CO2 (PETCO2) measurement during cardiac arrest is recommended for monitoring the CPR quality to detect ROSC. While low ETC02 can reflect suboptimal CPR quality and increases in ETC02 are often associated with ROSC the significance of high values of PETCO2 without ROSC remain unclear.
Objectives: To describe the population of OHCA victims with high PETCO2 (>50 mm Hg) during ongoing resuscitation including demographics, rhythm characteristics, occurrence of ROSC, the later occurrence of field termination of resuscitation and the presumed etiology.
Methods: An observational analysis of adult OHCAs with available PETCO2 data occurring between Oct 2010 and Nov 2014 at two sites involved in the Save Hearts in Arizona Registry and Education (SHARE) quality improvement program. CPR and PETCO2 data were recorded using ZOLL E and X Series EMS monitors. PETCO2 is reported as the mean value for each minute. The cardiac rhythm and the presence of ROSC were determined for each minute using EMS provider reports, vital signs, ECG, and accelerometer data. The first recorded minute of PETCO2 and minutes with ROSC were excluded.
Results: Study population included 654 OHCAs with PETCO2 data, 96 cases (58% male, age median 65 (IQR 54-75)) with at least 1 min of high PETCO2 in the absence of ROSC were identified. Of these, 31 (32%) had ROSC at least once during their resuscitation. Cases were of presumed cardiac etiology in 81 (84%), while 12% and 4% had presumed respiratory and other etiologies, respectively. A total of 322 minutes of PETCO2 >50 mm Hg in the absence of ROSC were identified. The mean PETC02 value was 67 (IQR 54-75). Of these 296 minutes (92%) occurred during PEA. Despite high PETCO2, resuscitation was terminated in the field in 21 (22%) patients. Only one subject survived to hospital discharge.
Conclusions: In this observational study, high PETCO2 was frequently found during resuscitation without ROSC and PEA was the most common cardiac rhythm. Further study is warranted to determine the significance and possible reasons for this finding.
Author Disclosures: C. Hypes: None. D. Spaite: Research Grant; Modest; Medtronic. T. Vadeboncoeur: None. R.A. Murphy: None. C. Hu: None. R. McDannold: None. A. Silver: Employment; Significant; ZOLL Medical. B. Bobrow: Research Grant; Modest; Medtronic.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.