Abstract 19477: Transthoracic Bioimpedance Monitoring Predicts Readmission After Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Preliminary Results From the SENTINEL-HF Study
Introduction: Patients and health systems are focused on reducing readmissions for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Readmission after hospitalization is often secondary to HF decompensation, but it remains challenging to identify patients at-risk. Bioimpedance is a validated marker of thoracic fluid accumulation. We examined whether changes in bioimpedance, measured using a Fluid Accumulation Vest (FAV), predicted subsequent HF decompensation in patients discharged after ADHF.
Methods: Participants included 83 patients hospitalized for ADHF. Subjects were trained on the use of a FAV-smartphone dyad to obtain and transmit a 5-minute bioimpedance measurement once daily for 45-days after discharge.(see Figure) The outcome of interest, HF-related readmission was assessed using participant report and medical records. Sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were calculated to describe the efficacy of the bioimpedance alert algorithm as a predictor of HF readmission.
Results: Subject characteristics: mean age 68 ± 11 years, 36% female, 92% white, mean ejection fraction of 44 ± 19%. 49 participants completed the 45-day follow-up and had sufficient, daily FAV data for analysis. Our main outcome of HF-related rehospitalization occurred in 8% of patients during follow-up. The decompensation detection algorithm demonstrated a sensitivity of 75%, specificity of 47%, positive/negative predictive values of 11% and 96%, respectively.
Conclusions: The preliminary results of this ongoing study suggest that HF readmissions may be predicted with modest sensitivity by our current decompensation detection algorithm. Further refinement of our transthoracic bioimpedance system may offer possibilities for reducing HF readmissions by enabling identification and treatment of outpatients at risk for readmission.
Author Disclosures: C.E. Darling: Research Grant; Modest; Philips Healthcare. S. Dovancescu: Other; Modest; PhD student at Philips. J. Riistama: Employment; Significant; Research Scientist Philips. J. Saczynski: Research Grant; Modest; Philips Healthcare. N. Kini: None. F. Sert Kuniyoshi: Employment; Significant; Philips Home Healthcare. J. Rock: Employment; Significant; Philips Home Healthcare. T.E. Meyer: None. R.J. Goldberg: None. D.D. McManus: Research Grant; Significant; Philips Research.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.