Abstract 19419: Anti Atherogenic Effects of Micro RNA - 21
Micro RNA-21 (miR-21), an evolutionary conserved micro RNA has been implicated in the pathogenesis of restenosis, myocardial infarction and heart failure. However, little is known about the role of miR-21 in atherosclerosis. Our data show that in vitro, LDL, oxidized LDL, acetylated LDL and LPS induced miR-21 by 2-3-fold (P<0.05) and down regulated its target protein PDCD4 in bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM). Feeding the LDL receptor-knockout (LDLR-KO) mice with western diet (WD, 8-20 weeks) increased the abundance of miR-21 in BMDM by 1.5-fold (P<0.05). Basally, BMDM isolated from miR-21-KO mice showed induction of TNF alpha, interferon gamma, M-CSF, RANTES, IP10 and LIF by (1.5-3.0-fold); increased early and late apoptosis (2-3-fold, P<0.05); and induced PDCD4 and PTEN. We also observed 40% decrease in the survival of F4/80+ cells during differentiation of bone marrow derived cells isolated from miR-21-KO mice. Stimulation of miR-21-KO BMDM with interferon gamma+LPS polarized the macrophages to pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype (increased expression of CD11c and CD86) and decreased IL-10 formation as compared with WT BMDM. Staurosporin and oxidized lipids derived aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal significantly increased both early and late apoptosis of miR-21-KO BMDM (2-4-fold, P<0.05). This was accompanied by increased cleavage of caspase 3. Characterization of miR-21-KO mice showed 30% decrease in white blood cells and neutrophils in KO mice. However, levels of circulating immune cells and common progenitor cells in bone marrow of miR-21-KO mice were comparable with wild type mice. Transplantation of bone marrow cells from miR-21-KO into LDLR-KO mice, followed by 12 weeks of WD increased the lesion formation (1.7-fold, P<0.05), apoptosis (3-fold, P<0.05) and necrosis (1.6-fold, P<0.05) in the aortic valve of the chimeric mice. This was accompanied by increased accumulation of macrophages in the non-necrotic areas of the lesion and decrease in lesional smooth muscle cells. Plasma cholesterol levels, and lesional collagen and T-cell levels in the miR-21 chimeric mice were comparable with wild type chimeric mice. Collectively, these data suggest that miR-21 prevents atherosclerosis by inhibiting macrophage apoptosis, necrosis and inflammation.
Author Disclosures: R.E. Hamed-Berair: None. A. Agarwal: None. M. Wysoczynski: None. S.D. Sithu: None. N.S. Wickramasinghe: None. M.G. Winner: None. A. Bhatnagar: None. Y. Li: None. S. Srivastava: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.