Abstract 19409: β2-Adrenergic Receptor Regulation of Innate Immune Responses Following Acute Myocardial Injury
Inflammatory responses are important for cardiac remodeling and tissue repair after myocardial infarction (MI). The sympathetic nervous system is known to regulate immune responses, in large part through the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR), however the influence of β2AR in regulating the inflammatory response following MI is unknown. Thus, to examine the contribution of β2AR on immune cells following MI, wild-type (WT) mice were irradiated and then received β2ARKO or WT control bone marrow (BM) transplants to create immune cell-specific knockout (KO) animals. Lack of β2AR expression in BM resulted in 100% mortality from cardiac rupture within two weeks of receiving MI, in contrast to their WT counterparts that had ∼20% death. Granulocyte populations were sequestered in the spleen of β2ARKO chimeric mice resulting in reductions in post-MI infiltration of monocyte/macrophage, neutrophil and mast cell populations into the heart. Additionally, alterations in chemokine receptor levels, particularly CCR2, on BM resulted in decreased cellular migration, and use of a CCR2 antagonist in vivo recapitulated the β2ARKO chimeric mouse phenotype following MI. Administration of β2AR agonists in vitro and in vivo increased CCR2 expression and BM migration while β2AR antagonists decreased CCR2 expression and increased splenic leukocyte retention in vivo. Use of pepducins as allosteric modulators of β2AR signaling demonstrated the importance of β-arrestin-mediated signaling in increasing CCR2 expression and responses. The impact of β2AR deletion on BM cell CCR2 expression and migration, splenic retention of leukocytes and reciprocal cardiac leukocyte infiltration following MI could be reversed via lentivirus-mediated β2AR rescue in the β2ARKO BM prior to transplantation. These results demonstrate the critical role of β2AR in the regulation of CCR2 expression on hematopoietic cells and its importance in mounting an immune response to promote healing following acute cardiac injury.
Author Disclosures: L.A. Grisanti: None. A. Gumpert: None. J. Gorsky: None. A.A. Repas: None. E. Gao: None. R.L. Carter: None. J.E. Rabinowitz: None. W.J. Koch: None. D.G. Tilley: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.