Abstract 19350: The Decline of the Montreal Cognitive Test Can Detect Post-stroke Cognitive Decline Determined by a Formal Neuropsychological Evaluation
Objective: We aimed to establish the association of decline in cognitive screening tests scores, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), with the decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status from 3-6 months to a year later.
Method: Patients with ischemic stroke/ Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) received the MoCA and MMSE within 14 days after stroke, then 3-6 months and 1 year later. The decline in MoCA and MMSE scores were defined by reduction of 2 points or more in total scores, while stable/improved MoCA scores referred to reduction of MoCA scores less than 2 or improved scores. The decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status was defined by category transition from no cognitive impairment to any cognitive impairment (≥1 domain), from mild cognitive impairment (impairment in 1-2 domains) to moderate cognitive impairment (impairment >2 domains) and dementia (i.e., functional loss associated with cognitive impairment, DSM-IV criteria), as well as from moderate cognitive impairment to dementia.
Results: At baseline, most patients were Chinese (70.3%) and males (69.8%) with age of 59.8 ± 11.6 years and education of 7.7 ± 4.3 years. 327 out of 400 stroke/TIA patients completed neuropsychological assessments at 3-6 months and 275 completed at 1 year after their index cerebrovascular events. Of these, 31 (11.3%) had decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status. Logistic regression was used to model the association between probability of decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status and the decline in MMSE or MoCA scores. There were not significant associations between the decline of neuropsychological diagnostic status and the decline in MMSE scores. Controlling baseline MoCA scores and the change scores of MoCA from baseline to 3-6 months, patients with decline in MoCA scores (reduction of 2 points or more) were associated with higher risks of decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status, relative to those with stable/ improved MoCA scores (odd ratio=3.21, p=0.004).
Conclusion: The decline in MoCA scores are associated with a higher risks for decline in neuropsychological diagnostic status from 3-6 months to 1 year, therefore may be used to detect post-stroke cognitive decline.
- Montreal Cognitive Assessment
- Mini-Mental State Examination
- neuropsychological diagnostic status
- ischemic stroke
- Logistic regression
Author Disclosures: K. Xu: None. C. Dong: None. C. Chen: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.