Abstract 19282: Transient Bone Morphogenic Protein Antagonism Directs Differentiation of Ipscs Into the Cardiac Neural Crest and Ckit+ Myocardial Progenitor Lineages
Introduction: The signaling pathways that govern cKit+ cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) differentiation into cardiomyocytes (CMs) are unknown. Some studies suggest an essential role in cardiomyogenesis, others suggest a minimal CPC contribution. We studied if it is a non-permissive cardiac milieu that minimizes the generation of CMs from CPCs.
Hypothesis: Transient BMP antagonism directs the generation of cardiomyocytes from CPCs.
Methods: We lineage-traced CPCs using a novel dual-recombinase responsive indicator mice (cKitCreERT2;Wnt1::Flpe;RC::Fela) and iPSCs derived from cKitCreERT2;IRG (iPSCKit) mice.
Results: Intersectional genetic fate-mapping of cKitCreERT2;Wnt1:: Flpe;RC::Fela embryos supported that cKit marks Wnt1-expressing cardiac neural crest (CNC) progenitors, emerging at ~E9.5 and contributing a limited number of cardiomyocytes (n=3). We lineage-traced CPCs during stage-specific cardiogenic differentiation of iPSCKit. Ascorbate treatment promoted differentiation of iPSCKit-derived embryoid bodies (EBs) into Nkx2.5+ myocardium, 45.5%±6.7% of which co-expressed the Cre-reporter EGFP (n=154 EBs; 12 preps), suggesting that CPCs encompass fully competent cardiomyogenic progenitors. Noggin (or Dorsomorphin), a BMP antagonist transiently expressed in the heart at E7.5-E8.5 but not during CNC invasion, directed the differentiation of iPSCkit-EBs into Mesp1+/Isl1+/Nkx2.5+ cardiac mesoderm progenitors (p≤0.0001). The same signaling pathway subsequently directed EBs into the cKit+/Wnt1+/Pax3+/Mitf-H+/Isl1+/Nkx2.5+ CNC lineage (p≤0.0001), while suppressing the generation of WT1+/Tbx18+ epicardium (p<0.05). Stage-specific induction of Cre-recombination delineated that iPSCkit-derived CPCs encompass Mesp1–/cKit+/Nkx2.5+ CNC progenitors, which contributed EGFP+ CNC derivatives, including Nkx2-5+ cardiomyocytes, to 60.7%±7.3% of spontaneously beating EBs (n=147 EBs; 12 preps).
Conclusions: Our data show that CPCkit are fully competent CNC-derived cardiomyogenic progenitors, whose differentiation to cardiomyocytes is minimized by a latent Noggin-mediated signaling pathway. Therapeutically exploiting CPCkit, provides an important strategy for maximizing myocardial regeneration.
Author Disclosures: K.E. Hatzistergos: Ownership Interest; Significant; VESTION INC. L.M. Takeuchi: None. D. Saur: None. B. Seidler: None. S.M. Dymecki: None. J. Mai: None. R.K. Takeuchi: None. W. Balkan: None. J.M. Hare: Ownership Interest; Significant; VESTION INC.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.