Abstract 19225: Impact of Change in Resuscitation Guidelines on National Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcomes: Fulfilled Expectations?
Background: The intent of the 5-yearly Resuscitation Guidelines is to improve outcomes. Previous studies have yielded conflicting reports of a beneficial impact of the 2005 guidelines on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. Using a national database, we examined survival before and after the introduction of both the 2005 and 2010 guidelines.
Methods: We used the 2000 through 2012 National Inpatient Sample database to select patients ≥18 years admitted to hospitals in the United States with non-traumatic OHCA (ICD-9 CM codes 427.5 & 427.41). A quasi-experimental (interrupted time series) design was used to compare monthly survival trends. Outcomes for OHCA were compared pre- and post- 2005 and 2010 resuscitation guidelines release as follows: 01/2000-09/2005 vs. 10/2005-9/2010 and 10/2005-9/2010 vs. 10/2010-12/2012. Segmented regression analyses of interrupted time series data were performed to examine changes in survival to hospital discharge.
Results: For the pre- and post- guidelines periods, 81600, 69139 and 36556 patients respectively survived to hospital admission following OHCA. Subsequent to the release of the 2005 guidelines, there was a statistically significant worsening in survival trends (β= -0.089, 95% CI -0.163 – -0.016, p=0.018) until the release of the 2010 guidelines when a sharp increase in survival was noted which persisted for the period of study (β= 0.054, 95% CI -0.143 – 0.251, p=0.588) but did not achieve statistical significance (Figure).
Conclusion: National clinical guidelines developed to impact outcomes must include mechanisms to assess whether benefit actually occurs. The worsening in OHCA survival following the 2005 guidelines is thought provoking but the improvement following the release of the 2010 guidelines is reassuring and worthy of perpetuation.
Author Disclosures: S.M. Eid: None. A. Albaeni: None. R. Rios: None. M. Baydoun: None. B. Akinyele: None. L.N. Raghavakurup: None. H. Baydoun: None. N. Chandra-Strobos: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.