Abstract 18957: Modulation of Ganglionated Plexi as an Addition to Pv Isolation in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Ablation
Introduction: Catheter ablation of ganglionated plexi (GP) as an add on to pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has been reported to significantly improve outcome of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. In order to facilitate localization of these GPs, a novel imaging study is proposed that investigates the uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG, an analogon for norepinephrine) on the atrial level. This information is combined with 3D surface reconstruction from contrast computed tomography (cCT) or cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).
Methods: A total of 7 patients (5 male, mean age 64.3 yrs) with AF underwent mIBG nuclear studies using a dedicated solid state cardiac camera (D-SPECT, Spectrum Dynamics). Four patient had 4 persistent AF (3 prev. abl.) with less than 1 year of sustained AF, whereas 3 patient were in longstanding persistent AF (all prev. abl). The acquired data was merged with the 3D imaging and subsequently imported into the 3D electroanatomical mapping system (CARTO, Biosense Webster). During invasive AF ablations these sites were mapped to perform high frequency stimulation (HFS) to confirm GP locations.
Results: In all pts, both the mIBG and CT scans were performed without any complications. Locations of high mIBG uptake corresponded to anatomical GP sites (LA & RA) in the majority of patients, but individual variations were observed. PV isolation was added in all but 1 pt (who had previous ablation) plus CFAE ablation if necessary. Follow-up of in median of 10.4 months demonstrated SR in all persistent AF patients (1 redo for atrial reentry). In patients with longstanding persistent AF: 2 pts are in SR (both AF at 1 week and 1 pt in AT at 6 weeks), while 1 pt remained in AF.
Conclusion: The combination of mIBG and 3D imaging provides a novel type of “road map” for localizing GPs during AF ablation. As an add-on to PV (re-) isolation, this strategy was found to be beneficial for patients with persistent and longstanding persistent AF. Interestingly, pts with longstanding persistent AF (and multiple previous ablations) all recurred early in F/U but showed reversal to AT and finally SR at later stages. Further studies in larger patient cohorts need to confirm these initial observations.
Author Disclosures: S. Ernst: Research Grant; Modest; Spectrum Dynamics. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Biosense Webster. R. Underwood: None. S. Babu-Narayan: None. S. Ben-Haim: Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Spectrum Dynamics.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.