Abstract 18796: Characterization of Endothelial Colony-forming Cells Bioactivity in Young Adults Born Extremely Preterm Versus Term
Introduction: Among subtypes of endothelial progenitor cells, endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) display high proliferative and angiogenic capacity in vitro and are considered biomarkers of angiogenic/regenerative capacity. Cord blood ECFC from preterm born (PT) infants have impaired bioactivity, especially in those who develop prematurity-related complications such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Whether ECFC dysfunction persists in PT beyond the neonatal period is not known.
Objective: Our aim was to assess ECFC bioactivity (in vitro growth, angiogenic capacity) in extremely PT vs. term (T) born young adults.
Methods: ECFC were obtained from peripheral blood from 19 young adults (21-28 years old) born extremely PT (<29 weeks gestation) and 19 T (≥37 weeks, paired by gender, age and socioeconomic status). Mononuclear cells (PBMC) were separated by density gradient and plated (5x10(6) cells/flask) to allow ECFC colony formation. ECFC were cultured to assess cell phenotype (CD45-/CD34+/CD31+/KDR+), in vitro proliferation rate by modified thymidine analogue EdU incorporation, and tubular formation in Matrigel.
Results: ECFC colonies were obtained from 9 PT (48%) and 12 T (63%). The frequency distribution of the number of days to first colony formation was significantly different in PT vs. T, with higher frequency of late (> 15 days) and absence of any colony formation in PT (p=0.033). In PT, days to form 1st ECFC colony inversely correlated with ECFC proliferation rate (r=-0.85, p<0.001), and angiogenic capacity shown as number of tubes (r=-0.72, p=0.037) and branches (r=-0.68, p=0.043) formed in Matrigel, whereas in T these correlations were not significant with similar ECFC function at any time of colony formation. In PT, tubular formation negatively correlated with neonatal length of hospital stay (r=-0.72, p=0.03), a proxy of prematurity-related complications.
Conclusions: Time to first ECFC colony formation, proliferation rate and in vitro tubular formation are significantly altered in PT vs. T young adults. Overall data suggests that extremely PT born young adults display impaired ECFC bioactivity, which may contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases associated with impaired angiogenesis in this population.
Author Disclosures: M. Bertagnolli: None. K. Paquette: None. M. Sutherland: None. C. Béland: None. M. Lukaszewski: None. A. Cloutier: None. B. Thébaud: None. T. Luu: None. A. Nuyt: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.