Abstract 18724: Coronary Angiography After Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest is Associated With Improved Neurologically Intact Survival
Introduction: Evidence for the effectiveness of coronary angiography after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is conflicting. Our objective was to evaluate the association between receiving coronary angiography within 72 hours of hospital arrival and survival with favorable neurologic outcome.
Methods: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of consecutive cases of adult OHCA transported to and treated at 28 hospitals in Southern Ontario between March 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014. We included patients with atraumatic OHCA, who achieved return of spontaneous circulation, and were alive 6 hours after hospital arrival. Multi-level logistic regression was used to measure the association between early coronary angiography and neurologically intact survival (Modified Rankin Score 0-2), while controlling for potential confounders and clustered data. We controlled for age, sex, initial cardiac rhythm, witness status, bystander resuscitation, EMS response time, prehospital return of spontaneous circulation, location of arrest, daytime presentation, neurologic status at hospital arrival, STEMI status, cardiac history, initiation of therapeutic hypothermia, hospital size and type, and hospital annual cardiac arrest volume.
Results: During the period of study, 2678 consecutive OHCA patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 66(±16), 31.7% were female, 54.1% had a bystander witnessed arrest, 35.2% received bystander CPR, 45.9% had a shockable initial rhythm, 30.1% had ST elevation on the first post arrest ECG, and 32.4% received coronary angiography. Receiving coronary angiography was strongly associated with neurologically intact survival (OR 2.30, CI95 1.69-3.15) and survival (OR 2.08, CI95 1.53-2.82). A similar association was observed in the subgroup of patients without STEMI (OR 3.24, CI95 2.16-4.87 and OR 2.66, CI95 1.78-3.99, respectively).
Conclusions: Neurologically intact survival among post cardiac arrest patients may be improved with coronary angiography, particularly for patients without STEMI. This observation should be confirmed with future randomized controlled studies.
Author Disclosures: T. Hanuschak: None. S. Brooks: None. L. Morrison: None. P. Peng: None. C. Zhan: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.