Abstract 18667: Lipoprotein(a) Catabolism and Apolipoprotein(a) Secretion is Regulated by Sortilin
Elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) in plasma have been identified as an independent, causal risk factor for coronary heart disease. Lp(a) consists of a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-like particle whose apolipoproteinB-100 (apoB-100) moiety is covalently linked to the unique glycoprotein apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)). Recently, Lp(a) internalization by the LDL-receptor (LDLr) in hepatic cells and primary human fibroblasts has been shown to be regulated by proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). However, Lp(a)/apo(a) internalization still occurs even with a defective LDLr or in the presence of PCSK9 (in fibroblasts and hepatic cells, respectively), indicating a role for receptors other than the LDLr in Lp(a) catabolism. Hepatic sortilin has been identified as a potential receptor mediating LDL catabolism as well as the regulation of apoB-100 secretion. Sortilin localizes to the Golgi apparatus where it mediates trafficking of specific bound ligands to the lysosome. Sortilin also localizes to clathrin-coated pits in the plasma membrane where it can act as an internalization receptor. We demonstrate in the current study that Lp(a), but not apo(a), internalization in hepatic cells is influenced by sortilin overexpression. In the presence of PCSK9, Lp(a) internalization greatly increases with sortilin overexpression compared to control. These results suggest that hepatic sortilin has the ability to act as a receptor for Lp(a) catabolism, through the LDL-like moiety, in a manner that is not dependent on the LDLr. Furthermore, Lp(a) internalization increases with sortilin overexpression in primary human fibroblasts with a defective LDLr, again emphasizing an LDLr-independent role for sortilin as a receptor for Lp(a). Interestingly, an increase in apo(a) secretion is observed with sortilin overexpression in hepatic cells. Removal of the carboxyl-terminal tail of sortilin results in an inability to promote the secretion of apo(a), indicating a direct role for the sorting motifs present in this region of sortilin for the regulation of apo(a) secretion. Taken together, these results indicate novel roles for sortilin in both Lp(a) catabolism and apo(a) secretion.
Author Disclosures: R. Romagnuolo: None. M. Gemin: None. M. Koschinsky: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.