Abstract 18648: Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome With Normal Coronary Arteries: The Value of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Changes of Treatment
Introduction: Acute chest pain, ST-changes on EKG and elevation of cardiac troponin in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease represent a clinical challenge. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can be used to diagnose causes other than obstructive coronary artery disease. Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of CMR to diagnose conditions in the emergency room that otherwise would be considered as acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with normal coronary arteries.
Methods: Fifty-nine patients with chest pain and/or electrocardiographic changes and elevated troponin concentration occurring in the absence of significant coronary artery stenosis (normal or stenosis < 50% of the vessel diameter on angiography, computed tomography or both) were selected and prospectively submitted to CMR exam in a 1.5T Philips scanner between May 2013 and December 2014. Ventricular function by cine MR with SSFP technique, and myocardial tissue characterization using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were evaluated in patients referred to the Emergency room. LGE patterns were analyzed visually by 2 observers and classified as ischemic (involving subendocardial layer) and nonischemic (multifocal, not involving subendocardial layer, non coronary distribution).
Results: Among 59 patients, all with interpretable CMR exams, diagnosis of acute myocarditis was found in 39% of patients, acute myocardial infarction in 17% and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 12%. Other final diagnoses were hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (5%), coronary embolism (10%), cardiomyopathy (3%), sepsis (4%), aortic stenosis (3%) and non-compaction myocardium (2%). In 38 patients (66%), CMR changed the initial ACS diagnosis to another final diagnosis. Additionally,3 patients primarily considered as having myocarditis received a final diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Conclusions: In the study, 66% of patients had their primary diagnosis and treatment changed after CMR study. The presence, distribution and pattern of late gadolinium enhancement by CMR were crucial in establishing a precise final diagnosis and appropriately changing patient management.
Author Disclosures: A.M. Soeiro: None. D.Y. Nakamura: None. T.C. Leal: None. A.S. Bossa: None. M.C. Soeiro: None. C.V. Serrano Jr: None. M.T. Oliveira Jr: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.