Abstract 18614: Rheumatic Heart Disease Screening in Schools Through Portable Echocardiography: Data From the PROVAR Study
Introduction: The accuracy of clinical examination is limited for early diagnosis of Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD). The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) Criteria provides standardized echocardiographic (echo) guidelines for diagnosis of RHD. There is sparse data on echo prevalence of RHD in Brazil.
Objective: Assess the prevalence of RHD in students (6-18 years) from public schools in low-income areas in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Methods: Over 4-days, experts used standard portable echo machines (GE, Vivid-Q) and the 2012 WHF Criteria to determine RHD prevalence. All consented and present children at the visited schools were eligible for participation. Studies identified as abnormal were blindly read by a second cardiologist, with non-agreement adjudicated by a third. RHD prevalence by gender and age (5-11 & 12-18) were compared using Fisher’s Exact Test.
Results: A total of 1381 students were screened across four schools in urban Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The mean age was 13.6±2.8 years, range 5-18 years; 59.3% were female. The prevalence of RHD was 3.8% (53/1381): 3.4% borderline RHD (n=47) and 0.4% definite RHD (n=6). Of these cases, 46 (86.8%) had pathologic mitral regurgitation (≥2cm, seen in 2-views, pan-systolic, and velocity ≥3m/sec) and 7 had pathologic aortic regurgitation (≥1cm, seen in 2-views, pan-diastolic, and velocity ≥3m/sec). One child had mixed mitral and aortic valve disease. There were no cases of mitral or aortic stenosis. There was no difference in RHD prevalence between males and females (p=0.57), but older children had a higher prevalence rate (5-11 years 1.3% vs. 12-18 years 4.5%, p=0.01). Minor congenital heart disease was detected in 8 additional children (5.8%), including one large ASD that was referred for closure.
Conclusions: WHF Criteria make it possible to obtain and accurately compare echo prevalence of RHD among different regions of the world. The PROVAR study shows that, among children living in low-socioeconomic conditions in urban Brazil, RHD remains a significant health burden, comparable to that in other low-resource communities. Screening older children has higher yield. Contemporary data such as these provide justification for investing in comprehensive RHD control programs both in Brazil, and around the globe.
Author Disclosures: B.R. Nascimento: None. A.Z. Beaton: None. M.P. Nunes: None. C.L. Webb: None. A.C. Diamantino: None. K.K. Bruno: None. C.O. Miri: None. G.T. Pereira: None. E.L. Lopes: None. C.G. Ferreira: None. L.C. Lafeta: None. A.P. Ribeiro: None. C. Sable: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.