Abstract 18600: Very Long-term Clinical Outcome After Sirolimus-eluting Stent Implantation
Background: Late adverse events such as stent thrombosis (ST) or late target-lesion revascularization (TLR) after sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation remain an important concern. However, there is little data regarding clinical outcome beyond 5 years after SES implantation. We sought to assess very long-term clinical outcome after SES implantation.
Methods: Between April 2004 and December 2006, a total of 686 patients with 894 lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention only with SES. We assessed the major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of cardiac death, TLR, definite ST.
Results: At 10 years, cumulative incidence of MACE and cardiac death were 50.8% and 8.2%, respectively. Cumulative incidence of TLR within 1 year was 12.6%. However, late TLR beyond 1 year continued to occur without attenuation up to 10 years (2.3%/year) (5 years, 22.8%; 10 years, 33.3%). Cumulative incidence of definite ST was low (30 days, 0.3%; 1 year, 0.9%; 5 years, 1.8%; and 10 years, 3.3%), whereas definite ST also continued to occur without attenuation (0.27%/year). The predictors of MACE were hemodialysis (hazard ratio [HR] 2.87, 95% confidence intervals [CI]:1.76-4.53, p <0.001) and age ≥75 years (HR 1.72, 95% CI: 1.31-2.26, p <0.001).
Conclusions: Late catch-up phenomenon regarding ST and TLR continued up to 10 years without attenuation. Careful clinical follow-up is required in patients treated with SES beyond 5 years.
Author Disclosures: S. Kuramitsu: None. H. Matsuda: None. H. Jinnouchi: None. T. Hiromasa: None. T. Domei: None. Y. Soga: None. S. Shirai: None. K. Ando: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.