Abstract 18557: Cardiovascular Risk Factor Trajectories From Childhood to Adulthood and Depression in Middle Age: The Bogalusa Heart Study
Introduction: It is well known that depression and heart disease are closely linked. However, it remains unclear whether changes in cardiovascular (CV) risk factors over time may be related to depression. Few studies have examined the long term patterns of CV risk factors in relation to depression in middle age.
Hypothesis: The trajectories of cardiovascular risk factors are associated with depression and depressive symptoms.
Methods: We examined data from the Bogalusa Heart Study, a long-term community-based observational study of a biracial cohort, with first measurements in childhood in 1976. Men and women who completed the CES-D in 2010 with at least two childhood and two adult CV measurements (n=913) were included. Age, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive treatment status, smoking status, total and HDL cholesterol, were used to calculate standardized 10-year Framingham CV risk scores at each follow-up. CES-D scores were categorized using established cut points (<8, 8-15, >15). Discrete mixture modeling was employed to identify trajectory groupings of CV risk. The association between CV risk score trajectory and CES-D were determined using multivariable logistic regression adjusted for smoking, education, physical activity, and BMI in 2010.
Results: Mean (±SD) age was 43.06±4.48 years, 57.9% were female, and 31.7% were black race. 27.7% of participants were current smokers in 2010. Mean (±SD) BMI was 30.97±7.73. We identified three CV risk patterns: stable (63.8%), slightly elevated (28.8%), and increasingly elevated (7.5%). Relative to stable CV risk, the multivariable adjusted odds ratio of higher CES-D categorization, i.e. more depressed, for slightly elevated was 1.49 (95% CI, 1.08-2.06), and for increasingly elevated, 1.53 (95% CI, 0.90-2.59). Smokers had increased odds of higher CES-D categorization over nonsmokers (OR=2.16, 95% CI 1.58-2.95). One-unit increases of BMI were associated with 1.02 times greater odds of higher CES-D categorization (95% CI, 1.01-1.04).
Conclusions: Trajectories of cardiovascular risk from childhood through adulthood are associated with depression in middle age. Individuals with elevated or increasing cardiovascular risk profiles may benefit from depression screening in early middle age.
Author Disclosures: P. Stuchlik: None. N. Allen: None. E. Harville: None. W. Chen: None. L. Bazzano: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.