Abstract 17874: Aerobic Exercise Training Improves Exercise Capacity, Reduces Arrhythmia Susceptibility but Does Not Normalize Ryanodine Receptor Mediated Aberrant Calcium Release in Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia
Introduction: Loss of Calsequestrin (CASQ2) promotes abnormal calcium (Ca2+) release events via the cardiac Ryanodine receptor (RyR2) during adrenergic stimulation, which trigger Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT).
Rationale: Since aerobic exercise training (AET) has been shown to normalize Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ cycling parameters in diseased hearts, we explored if AET impacts RyR2 dysfunction and CPVT susceptibility in CASQ2-/- mice.
Methods and Results: Age matched wildtype (WT) and CASQ2-/- male mice (n=8) were subjected to treadmill running for 6 weeks (16mts/min for 1hr, 5 days/week at 10% incline). Subsequently, a graded exercise test showed that sedentary (Sed) CASQ2-/- mice have a significantly lower exercise capacity relative to SedWT. Compared to trained (Ex) WT mice, AET moderately increased maximal running speed, time, and RER values in ExCASQ2-/- mice, indicating improved aerobic capacity. Electrocardiographic analyses showed that ExCASQ2-/- mice were resistant to triggered arrhythmias compared to their Sed controls. Spectral analyses of heart rate variability indicated that the high frequency band power increased significantly in ExCASQ2-/- mice, especially during Isoproterenol (Iso) challenge compared to ExWT. Despite fewer arrhythmias, confocal Ca2+ imaging revealed that ExCASQ2-/- ventricular cardiomyocytes are prone to spontaneous Ca2+ sparks and waves even at baseline (compared to ExWT) along with a concomitant decrease in Ca2+ transient amplitude and SR Ca2+ load, both at baseline and during Iso challenge.
Conclusions: Our results thus far indicate that AET partially improves exercise capacity and aerobic fitness in the CASQ2-/- mouse model of CPVT. Paradoxically, although arrhythmia incidence is reduced, RyR2 mediated dysfunctions in SR Ca2+ cycling are not normalized after 6 weeks of AET. Importantly, the parasympathetic tone is significantly enhanced in the ExCASQ2-/- mice particularly during Iso challenge. Ongoing studies will address mechanisms (SR protein expression, post translational modifications and pharmacological interventions to investigate the observed autonomic imbalance) that could underlie the intriguing effects of exercise in this model of CPVT.
Author Disclosures: Z. Swain: None. H. Ho: None. M. Minagawa: None. B.C. Knollmann: None. S. Gyorke: None. M. Periasamy: None. A. Kalyanasundaram: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.