Abstract 17760: Maintaining High Quality CPR With an Integrated Manual/Mechanical Resuscitation Protocol
Background: High quality manual chest compressions (CC) can be achieved on scene during resuscitation of cardiac arrest patients, but manual CC quality can deteriorate during patient extrication and transport. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect on CC quality of an integrated manual/mechanical chest compression protocol developed to maintain CC quality and patient/provider safety throughout resuscitation.
Methods: CC quality was monitored using a monitor with accelerometer-based CC sensing (E Series/X Series, ZOLL Medical) during the treatment of consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients between 3/1/2013-4/30/2015. The EMS agency performed manual CC guided by real-time audiovisual feedback on scene but deployed the AutoPulse load-distributing band CC device (LDB, ZOLL Medical) in a choreographed manner for extrication and transport. The LDB was also placed prophylactically on patients after ROSC. Descriptive statistics are reported as median (IQR).
Results: A total of 71 OHCA patients were treated (median age 58 yrs, 66 % male) of which 39 received only manual CC and 32 received both manual and LDB CCs (22 with LDB deployed during ongoing manual CC and 10 with LDB placed after ROSC). With real-time CC feedback, high quality CCs were performed [depth 2.38 in (2.17-2.64), rate 100.3 cpm (99.2-102.5), CC fraction 87.0% (83.8-89.5)]. For patients requiring transport, the LDB was started after 14.2 min (11.6-19.2) of manual CC and was placed with minimal interruptions- total of 27.5 sec (23-42) pause time in 2 minutes prior to LDB deployment. During transport, CC fraction remained high (91.7%; 89.3-95.4) with use of LDB. Seven of 10 patients prophylactically placed on the LDB rearrested, 3 rearrested during transport.
Conclusion: A choreographed and rehearsed integrated chest compression protocol featuring both manual and mechanical compressions, allows for high quality resuscitation with minimal compression interruptions. Placement of a mechanical device on patients after ROSC may be beneficial as over two-thirds of patients in this study rearrested, one-third of which occurred during transport when delivery of manual compressions is difficult and potentially dangerous.
Author Disclosures: T. Irisawa: None. T. Vadeboncoeur: None. C. Hypes: None. A. Silver: Employment; Significant; ZOLL Medical. R. McDannold: None. M. Mullins: None. D. Spaite: Research Grant; Modest; Medtronic. B. Bobrow: Research Grant; Modest; Medtronic.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.