Abstract 17573: Epinephrine Dosing Interval and Survival Outcomes During Pediatric In-hospital Cardiac Arrest
Background: American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend administration of epinephrine (epi) every 3 to 5 minutes during CPR to improve systemic blood pressure and coronary perfusion pressure. In adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), longer dosing intervals are associated with improved survival to hospital discharge. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether longer epi dosing intervals are associated with improved survival to hospital discharge after pediatric IHCA.
Methods: A retrospective review of the AHA Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation registry identified 1,260 pediatric IHCAs that met our inclusion criteria: index IHCA event; no vasoactive infusion in place or alternate vasoactive medication boluses; > 1 dose of epi administered; not located in delivery room, nursery, NICU or obstetrical units. For each arrest, an epi dosing interval was defined by dividing the duration of resuscitation after the first dose of epi by the total doses given. This was necessary as the database does not provide time of individual epi doses. For analysis, epi dosing intervals were categorized as 1 to <5 minutes/dose, 5 to <8 minutes/dose, and 8 to 10 minutes/dose. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed controlling for age, gender, illness category, location of arrest, and arrest duration to evaluate the relationship of epi dosing intervals on survival to discharge. Odds ratios were calculated using the 1 to <5 minutes/dose interval as the reference.
Results: Table 1 displays the descriptive characteristics of the patients and subsequent events. Adjusted odds ratio for survival to hospital discharge for dosing interval of 5 to <8 minutes was 1.454 (95% CI 1.014-2.084) and for 8 to 10 minutes was 1.945 (95% CI 1.094-3.459).
Conclusions: Longer dosing intervals than those currently recommended by the AHA guidelines for epinephrine administration during pediatric IHCA are associated with improved survival to hospital discharge.
Author Disclosures: D.B. Hoyme: None. S.S. Patel: None. R.A. Samson: None. T.T. Raymond: None. V.M. Nadkarni: None. D.L. Atkins: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.