Abstract 17571: Use of Goal Directed Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Arresting Patient
Background: With outcomes from cardiac arrest remaining generally poor, there is an urgency to evaluate interventions that allow physicians to manage cardiac arrest more effectively. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) can be used at the point of care in a goal-directed manner and can rapidly provide a flurry of data on cardiac structure and function. TEE in the arrested patient is unobtrusive to resuscitation and can provide vital information regarding the potential etiology of arrest, guidance of certain procedures and prognosis. As such, some centers, including our own, have adopted increasingly routine use of TEE in this context. Given the paucity of data in this area, we sought to examine the influence of point-of-care TEE conducted by emergency physicians or intensivists at our institution for patients in or immediately after cardiac arrest.
Methods: Goal-directed TEE in the emergency department (ED) or intensive care units (ICU) and their reports were archived in a dedicated point-of-care ultrasound imaging database. We conducted a search of all TEE examinations archived between December 2012 and April 2015 in the peri-arrest period (in or immediately after cardiac arrest). The details from reports were abstracted. TEE-directed management changes were noted when recommendation(s) regarding initiation/escalation of inotropes, fluid administration, termination of resuscitation or surgical procedure were featured in the TEE report.
Results: A total of 57 peri-arrest TEE exams were identified (21 in ICUs and 36 in EDs). Goal-directed TEE changed management in 61.4% of cases. TEE facilitated the escalation/initiation of inotropes (35.3%), decision to terminate resuscitation (32.4%), guided fluid management (23.5%) and surgical procedures (8.8%). TEE studies altered management in 66.7% of cases in the Intensive Care Unit and in 58.3% of cases in the Emergency Department.
Conclusions: Goal-directed TEE performed by emergency physicians or intensivists has an impact on management on patients in the peri-arrest setting the majority of the time. Given the lack of reliable diagnostic and therapeutic options in arresting patients, a larger study examining the influence of goal-directed TEE on patient outcomes in cardiac arrest should be carried out.
Author Disclosures: S. Ahsan: None. R. Arntfield: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.