Abstract 17497: Management of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection in an Hybrid Operating Room: - Feasibility and Added Value of Preoperative Angiography and Intravascular Ultrasound
Introduction: Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is rapidly lethal and requires comprehensive tactics and decision making. To refine our respective approach we retrospectively analyzed our patients undergoing urgent surgery in our hybrid operating room over a 10 year period for the impact of immediate preoperative coronary angiography (CA), aortography, and/or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or arterial malperfusion.
Methods: 136 patients (mean age: 60.6 y ± 13; 63% male, March 2004-February 2014) underwent preoperative CA with or without IVUS. We assessed the time interval from preoperative CA to surgery and the impact for concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or endovascular interventions.
Results: The delay to proceed with surgery due to preoperative catheterization averaged 32 min ± 26 (Fig. 1) in the setting of the hybrid OR. CA revealed CAD in 47/136 (35%) patients, with CABG consequently performed in 38 (28%). In 12 (9%) patients, CABG was necessary due to ostium obstruction by the dissection. 30-day mortality more than doubled in patients with concomitant CAD (27.7% vs. 11.2%, respectively, p<0.01). However in patients with confirmed CAD, mortality was less 19% (6/31), in those undergoing CABG, compared to 44% (7/16) for isolated aortic repair (p=0.08).
Conclusions: In a hybrid operating room setting, preoperative coronary and aortic angiography do not unduly delay surgery, facilitate diagnosis of coronary malperfusion, and allowing concomitant CABG in as much as 28% of patients.
Author Disclosures: R.A. Janosi: None. K. Tsagakis: None. P. Kahlert: None. E. Kottenberg: None. R. Gorla: None. D.S. Dohle: None. U.H. Frey: None. H. Eggebrecht: None. R. Mehta: None. E. Bossone: None. J. Peters: None. H. Jakob: None. R. Erbel: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.