Abstract 17492: Extent and Pattern of Late Gadolinium Enhancement Predict Arrhythmic Events in Patients With Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Background: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiac MR (CMR) has been related to adverse clinical outcomes in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC). But, a statistically significant association between LGE and arrhythmic risk in NIDC has not been demonstrated consistently. This study evaluated the impact of the presence, location and pattern of LGE on arrhythmic risk prediction in NICM.
Methods: This study included 365 patients (54±15years) with NICM who underwent CMR. The extent, location and pattern of LGE were categorized. We analyzed for the primary outcome of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) including sustained or nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) intervention and ventricular fibrillation (VF). Cardiac death and hospitalization for heart failure (HF) were evaluated as secondary outcomes.
Results: LGE was seen in 267 (73 %) patients. During median follow-up of 44±36 months, patients with LGE had higher incidence of cardiac death (15 % vs. 2 %, p<0.001), hospitalization for HF (40 % vs. 15 %, p<0.001) and VA (14% vs. 6%, p=0.03). In multivariable analysis, the presence of LGE (HR 2.78; 95% CI 1.10-7.02; p=0.03) was the independent predictor of arrhythmias. Patients with extensive LGE had higher VA (32% vs. 10%, p<0.001) with lower cumulative survival free of VA than those without extensive LGE (p=0.001). The frequent LGE location was as follows: LV septum 64%, LV-RV junction 42% and inferior 10%. VA was lower in patients with than without localized LGE limited to LV-RV junction (21% vs. 46%, p=0.005). Interestingly, while the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia was higher in patients with transmural LGE (29% vs. 10%, p=0.003), it was lower in those with patch LGE (2% vs. 16%, p=0.02) than the other patients.
Conclusions: In patients with NICM, the LGE was an independent prognostic predictor of VA. Extensive LGE and specific location of LGE was related with the arrhythmic events.
Author Disclosures: D. Shin: None. H. Lee: None. J. Park: None. Y. Kim: None. J. Uhm: None. H. Park: None. M. Leee: None. B. Joung: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.