Abstract 17382: Gender Difference in Presentation, Management and Outcome of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Sub-analysis of J-MINUET Study
Purpose: Several studies have reported gender difference in presentation, management and outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this study, we focused the impact of age on gender difference in mortality after AMI.
Methods: Between July 2012 and March 2014, 3283 patients were admitted to the 28 hospitals participating to the J-MINUET group within 48 hours after the onset of AMI. AMI was diagnosed by universal definition (type 1 or type 2). Patients were divided into 5 strata according to their age: those with age <55 years, 55-64 years, 65-74 years, 75-84 years and ≥85 years.
Results: There were 813 women (24.8%). Women were significantly older than men (74.5±11.8 years vs 66.6±12.3 years, P<0.001). Women had longer time from onset to admission, more NSTEMI, atypical symptom other than chest pain, Killip class ≥2, CKD and type 2 MI. They also had less diabetes and current smoking habits. Although most of the patients received urgent angiography (93.1%), it was less frequent in women (90.4% vs 94.0%, P<0.001). Among patients who underwent primary PCI (85.1%), achievement of final TIMI-3 flow was similar (91.2% vs 92.0%, P=0.53). In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in women than men (9.6% vs 5.5%, P<0.001). When patients were stratified according to their age, there was a liner increase in the prevalence of women as age advanced: 10.6% in <55 years, 15.1% in 55-64 years, 19.8% in 65-74 years, 35.6% in 75-84 years and 53.6% in ≥85 years (P<0.001). There was no significant gender difference in mortality in each stratum (Figure). Multivariate analysis showed that women was no more an independent predictor of death after adjusting age (OR 1.29, 95%CI 0.95-1.75, P=0.10), or age and other variables (OR 1.19, 95%CI 0.79-1.76, P=0.40).
Conclusions: Women had higher in-hospital mortality than men after AMI even in the contemporary troponin era. However, their high mortality was mostly explained by their advanced age.
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- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.