Abstract 17381: Arousals of Sleep Disorders: The Value of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Background: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is important for the diagnosis of hypertension (HTN) as well as variants such as nocturnal HTN (NH), masked HTN and a non-dipping pattern. NH and non-dipping, a failure of the normal circadian drop in blood pressure during sleep, have been associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular risk. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with HTN and a growing body of evidence suggests that limb movement disorders of sleep may also influence cardiovascular morbidity. The present study investigates arousals of sleep disorders, limb movement or respiratory, and their relationship to ABPM measurements.
Methods: A retrospective review (January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014) was performed on patients that underwent both ABPM and polysomnography within a six months of each other. Socio-demographic data, results of 24 hour ABPM and polysomnography, concurrent medication use by class, comorbid conditions and laboratory data were recorded. Patients with incomplete polysomnography or ABPM measurements were excluded.
Results: 330 individuals met criterion for inclusion; 59% male, 86% white. 211 (64%) were found to have NH, 106 (32%) had uncontrolled HTN and 202 (61%) had a non-dipping pattern. Patients with NH were more likely to have diabetes, hyperlipidemia and chronic kidney disease. Elevated arousal indices were more prevalent in those with NH, uncontrolled HTN and non-dippers. There was an association of NH with the total number of arousals per hour of sleep (p<0.01), whether related to respiratory disturbances or limb movements. Limb movement index (LMI) was related to age (p<0.0001) and was associated with all type arousals (p<0.0001).
Conclusions: ABPM revealed a high prevalence of NH, non-dipping, masked and uncontrolled HTN in patients with sleep disorders. Arousals of all types, whether accompanying respiratory or limb movements, were associated with NH and also with LMI.
Author Disclosures: I. Porter: None. W. Haley: None. N. Aslam: None. N. Chimato: None. P. Fredrickson: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.