Abstract 17352: Predictors of Ventricular Arrhythmias and Sudden Death in a Quebec Cohort With Brugada Syndrome
Introduction: Patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) are at risk for ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and sudden death. Identification of high-risk individuals beyond those with syncope or resuscitated SCD remains a major challenge. We sought to assess the value of clinical, electrophysiological, and ECG features of depolarization and repolarization in predicting arrhythmic events and SCD in a Quebec population.
Methods: Consecutive patients with BrS diagnosed between 2002 and 2013 were recruited from three major university hospitals in the province of Quebec, Canada. Relevant clinical features were recorded at baseline. Qualifying ECGs with the highest type 1 ST-segment elevations were reviewed and analyzed by two electrophysiologists blinded to clinical history, with the following parameters assessed: S duration in V1, aVR sign, QRS duration in V6, R-J interval in V2, maximal Tp-e, duration, Tp-e dispersion, QRS-f, ST elevation and QTc in V2, and presence of an inferolateral ER pattern. Survival analyses considered a left truncation model to account for potential sampling bias, considering that those who died suddenly before recognition of BrS were necessarily excluded.
Results: A total of 105 consecutive patients, 79.8% male, were diagnosed with BrS at a median age of 48 years and were followed for 5.0±1.2 years. Ten (9.5%) had a history of SCD, 37 (35.2%) had syncope, and 7 (6.7%) experienced 20 arrhythmic events during follow-up (7 anti-tachycardia pacing; 13 shocks). In multivariate Cox regression analyses adjusted for left truncation and Firth bias correction, a spontaneous type I ECG pattern (HR 10.80; 95% CI 1.03 to 113.87; p=0.0476)], maximal Tp-e duration ≥100ms (HR 29.73; 95% CI 1.33 to 666.37; p= 0.0325) and QRS duration in V6>110 ms (HR 15.27; 95% CI 1.07 to 217.42; p=0.0443) were independently associated with VAs or aborted SCD. Family history of SCD, AF, and inducible VAs during programmed ventricular stimulation were not associated with the primary endpoint.
Conclusion: In a cohort of patients with BrS from the province of Quebec, VAs and SCD were independently associated with standard 12-lead ECG features including a spontaneous type 1 pattern, depolarization (QRS in V6 >110 ms), and repolarization (maximal Tp-e duration) criteria.
Author Disclosures: L. Rivard: None. A. Roux: None. I. Nault: None. J. Champagne: None. J. Roux: None. M. Talajic: None. R. Tadros: None. J. Cadrin-Tourigny: None. A. Shohoudi: None. B. Mondesert: None. D. Roy: None. L. Macle: None. J. Andrade: None. K. Dyrda: None. M. Dubuc: None. P.G. Guerra: None. P.G. Guerra: None. J. Sarrazin: None. B. Thibault: None. P. Khairy: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.