Abstract 17345: Particulate Matter and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in a Nationwide Cohort of Men
Introduction: Chronic exposures to particulate matter (PM) have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. We examined the impact of long-term exposures to PM on the risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke among members of the nationwide all-male Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) prospective cohort.
Methods: HPFS members were followed biennially between 1986-2006 to obtain information on incident disease and to update information on CVD risk factors. Time-varying ambient PM10, PM2.5-10, and PM2.5 for the previous 12 months were calculated from monthly predictions at the address level. Multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate [HR (95%CI)] for the association between each fraction of PM and each outcome among 43,371 CVD-free members of the HPFS, adjusting for risk factors and other potential confounders. We also assessed effect modification by region of the country, BMI, smoking status, and comorbidities (hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, and diabetes). Sensitivity analyses were conducted restricting the population to men who provided residential (N=15,395), as opposed to work, addresses.
Results: The mean (SD) levels of 12-month average PM10, PM2.5-10, and PM2.5 were 20.7 (6.2), 8.4 (4.7) and 12.3 (3.4) μg/m3. In the full population, there was only modest evidence of increased risks of incident CHD or stroke with increasing PM exposures. Associations with stroke were modified by region, hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, and diabetes, with larger effects among those with comorbid conditions and in the Northeast and South. CHD, but not stroke, dose-responses were stronger among those who provided residential as opposed to work addresses; each 10 μg/m3 increase, was associated with increases in overall CHD [1.10 (95%CI: 1.01-1.20), 1.09 (0.97-1.23), and 1.14 (0.98-1.32) for PM10, PM2.5-10, and PM2.5, respectively].
Conclusions: In this cohort of US men, PM exposures were only modestly associated with elevated risks of CHD and stroke. Comorbidities and region modified the associations with stroke, and residential ambient exposures were more associated with CHD than work ambient exposure.
Author Disclosures: J.E. Hart: None. J.T. Chen: None. R.C. Puett: None. J.D. Yanosky: None. E.B. Rimm: None. K.M. Rexrode: None. G.A. Wellenius: None. F. Laden: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.