Abstract 17291: Carotid Revascularization and Medical Management for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis: CREST-2 update
Purpose: The safety of revascularization for asymptomatic carotid stenosis, and the efficacy of medical therapy for stroke prevention have improved. Therefore, results of prior randomized trials may not apply to current treatment decisions. The NINDS-funded CREST-2 will compare carotid endarterectomy and intensive medical therapy (IMT) versus IMT alone (n=1240), and carotid stenting and IMT versus IMT alone (n=1240) in asymptomatic patients with≥70% stenosis.
Materials & Methods: CREST-2 consists of two parallel randomized clinical trials to be conducted at a target of ≈120 centers, including within NINDS StrokeNet. The composite primary outcome is stroke or death during the peri-procedural period or ipsilateral ischemic stroke thereafter up to 4 years. Blinded assessment of cognition will be done periodically. Centrally directed IMT includes tight control of blood pressure (systolic target <140 mm Hg) and cholesterol (LDL target <70 mg/dl) as well as lifestyle coaching.
Results: As of June 12, 2015, 94 centers have been approved by the Site Selection Committee. Credentialing is ongoing, with 198 approved surgeons and 64 approved interventionists; 124 additional conditionally approved interventionists will be able to submit additional cases for review under the
CREST-2 Registry. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid will offer CAS reimbursement for Registry enrollees. As of June 12, 2015, there are 39 actively enrolling centers, and 37 patients have been randomized.
Conclusion: CREST-2 is designed to identify the best approach for asymptomatic carotid stenosis. The first patient was randomized in December, 2014. An update will be provided regarding the numbers of patients randomized, centers certified, as well as surgeons and interventionists fully approved.
Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089217
Author Disclosures: J. Meschia: None. B.K. Lal: None. G. Howard: None. G. Roubin: None. R.D. Brown: None. K.M. Barrett: None. S. Chaturvedi: None. M.I. Chimowitz: None. B.M. Demaerschalk: None. V. Howard: None. J. Huston: None. R.M. Lazar: None. W.S. Moore: None. C.S. Moy: None. T.N. Turan: None. J. Voeks: None. T.G. Brott: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.