Abstract 17129: Differences in Work Activities and Compensation of Male and Female Cardiologists in Community Practice in 2013
Background: Despite laudable efforts to increase gender diversity in cardiology, much remains unknown about the experiences - including working activities and pay - of those women who have joined this still predominantly male specialty.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that a gender difference in compensation would exist on unadjusted analyses and that this could be explained by differences in the many personal, job, and practice characteristics measured in our dataset.
Methods: Using the 2013 annual practice survey of MedAxiom, a subscription-based service provider for cardiology practices, we described personal, job, and practice characteristics of cardiologists from 161 practices and their salary by gender. Multivariable linear regression analysis and the Peters-Belson technique of labor economics were applied to evaluate gender differences.
Results: Of 2679 subjects, 229 (8.5%) were female and 2450 male. Women were more likely to have specialized in general/non-invasive cardiology (53.1% vs 28.2%), and a lower proportion (11.4% vs 39.3%) reported an interventional subspecialty compared to men. Numerous job characteristics differed by gender, including the proportion working full-time (79.9% of women vs 90.9% of men, p<0.001), number of half-days worked (median 422 for women vs 433 for men, p=0.001), and wRVUs generated (median 7430 for women vs 9301 for men, p<0.001). Median salary was $394,586 (IQR: $256,064; $518,277) among women and $502,251 ($381,417; $621,306) among men. Peters-Belson analysis revealed that the women in this sample would have been expected to have a mean salary of $432,631, based on their productivity and other characteristics, had they been male, but the actual observed mean salary among women was $400,882 (unexplained difference=$31,749, 95% CI $16,303 - $48,028). Multivariable linear regression analysis yielded significant results similar in direction and magnitude.
Conclusions: This study provides novel information about the diverse jobs held by men and women practicing cardiology in the US today. The observed gender difference in compensation, which remained substantial and significant even after adjusting for differences in multiple measures of productivity and job activity, merits attention.
Author Disclosures: R. Jagsi: None. C. Biga: None. A. Poppas: None. G.P. Rodgers: None. M.N. Walsh: None. P.J. White: Employment; Significant; Patrick White is a shareholder in MedAxiom and serves as its President. Ownership Interest; Significant; Patrick White is a shareholder in MedAxiom and serves as its President. C. McKendry: Research Grant; Significant; Colleen McKendry was supported by NIH grant T32 HL079896. J. Sasson: Employment; Significant; Joseph Sasson is employed by MedAxiom. P.J. Schulte: None. P. Douglas: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.