Abstract 17124: Sex Differences in the Incidence of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC)
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) results in an increased risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, the epidemiology of PAD in CKD, and particularly how the incidence differs according to sex remains incompletely defined. We sought to define how the epidemiology of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) differs according to sex and age.
Methods: The Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) is a multi-center, prospective cohort study of CKD participants. Fine and Gray methods were used to determine the cumulative incidence of PAD, defined by an ankle brachial index (ABI) < 0.90 or a confirmed PAD event, with death as a competing event. Adjusted subdistribution hazard ratios from the Fine and Gray model determined the risk of PAD according to sex. A priori, we hypothesized that the relationship between sex and cumulative incidence of PAD differed according to age.
Results: The mean age of the 3,174 participants in this study was 56.6 years and consisted of 55% males. Over a median follow-up of 5.9 years, 17.8% developed PAD and 11.1% died. Females had a 1.72-fold greater adjusted PAD risk compared to men (95% CI 1.44-2.06, p<0.001). These sex-related differences in PAD risk also differed by age (p<0.001, Figure). Women, compared to men, were at a markedly increased risk for PAD at younger ages; however, at ages greater than 70 years, the risk was similar across both sexes. Older men had a substantially greater PAD risk compared to younger men. In women, PAD risk did not vary with age.
Conclusions: Females with CKD have a higher PAD risk compared to males at younger ages. There is an important need to improve our understanding of the biological and clinical basis for these differences.
Author Disclosures: G.J. Wang: None. P.A. Shaw: None. R.R. Townsend: None. A.H. Anderson: None. D. Xie: None. L.C. Nessel: None. E.R. Mohler: None. S.M. Sozio: None. B.G. Jaar: None. J. Chen: None. J. Wright: None. J.J. Taliercio: None. A. Ojo: None. A.C. Ricardo: None. E. Lustigiva: None. R.M. Fairman: None. H.I. Feldman: None. B. Ky: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.