Abstract 17116: Incidence and Outcomes of Out-of-hospital Maternal Cardiac Arrest and Compliance With Resuscitation Guidelines
Background: Published survival rates after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) are lower than in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). Current estimates for the incidence and rate of survival for maternal cardiac arrest are published only for IHCA. There are no studies that report the incidence and outcomes of maternal OHCA. Current cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines contain specific maternal recommendations, although compliance with recommended benchmarks has not been reported. The objective of this study was to report maternal OHCA incidence, outcomes, and compliance with resuscitation and maternal specific guidelines.
Methods: This was a population-based cohort study of consecutive maternal OHCA between May 2010 and April 2014. The denominator was estimated from the total regional population of all women of childbearing age obtained from census and age-specific pregnancy rates provided by regional health authorities. Resuscitation performance was measured against the 2010 AHA Guidelines.
Results: A total of 6 maternal OHCA occurred amongst 1,085 OHCA occurring in females of child bearing age (15-49) over 4yrs; Incidence-1.85:100,000 (95% CI 1.76 to 1.95) vs. 19.4 per 100,000 (95% CI, 19.37 to 19.43). Maternal and neonatal survival to discharge was 16.7% and 33.3%, respectively. Compliance with CPR quality metrics averaged 83% with a range from 75% to 100%. Compliance with maternal-specific resuscitation guidelines averaged 46.9%, with a range from 0% to 100%. The only performance metrics with 100% compliance was intravenous line insertion above the diaphragm and prehospital activation of the maternal cardiac arrest team. Uterine displacement compliance was low at 0%.
Conclusion: The incidence of maternal OHCA was 1.85:100,000, which is lower than the published estimate for maternal IHCA. Survival after OHCA for mother and for child was higher than OHCA occurring in non-pregnant adult females of child bearing age; however, the number of survivors was small (<5). Compliance rates with recommended resuscitation guidelines were high, yet compliance with maternal-specific guidelines were low suggesting targeted training and implementation optimization at the point of care is required to prepare for this rare event involving two lives.
Author Disclosures: A.A. Lipowicz: None. S. Cheskes: Research Grant; Significant; Funding from Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Funding from National Institutes of Health. Honoraria; Significant; Speakers Honorarium from Zoll Medical, Speakers Honorarium from Physio Control. Other; Significant; Co PI of the Toronto Site, Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. S.H. Gray: None. F. Jeejeebhoy: None. J. Lee: None. D.C. Scales: None. C. Zhan: None. L.J. Morrison: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.