Abstract 16993: Sex Differences in Renal Transporter Profile Indicate Lower Proximal Reabsorption in Females
Females have lower blood pressure than males before menopause, blunted hypertensive response to AngII, and a leftward shift in pressure natriuresis. Estrogen decreases renal ACE and AT1R and increases NO and AT2R. At the renal transporter level, distal tubule Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC) is upregulated by estrogen and more abundant in females, while the loop of Henle (LH) Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC2) is less abundant. This study aimed to compare female to male apical Na+ transporters’ abundance, distribution, phosphorylation and cleavage and to determine the functional consequences of the differences.
Sprague Dawley rats were fasted overnight then fed a 0%KCl meal before termination. The figure displays relative abundance of total and modified (P -phosphorylated, CL-cleaved, FL-full length) transporters expressed along the nephron in females versus males (defined as 1.0), determined by quantitative immunoblotting. Lower abundance of NaPi2, villin, myosin VI, together with higher NHE3-P (inactivation marker) suggest less proximal tubule (PT) reabsorption in females. Confocal immunohistochemistry confirmed that NHE3 localized to the base of the PT microvilli in females (not males) and endogenous CLi+, a marker of volume leaving the PT, was twice as high in females than males. While LH NKCC2 and its regulatory kinase SPAK were not significantly different, distal NCC, and activated NCC-P were more abundant in females, although thiazide sensitive natriuresis was not greater. ENaC α and γ subunits were more activated (-CL) in females. A saline challenge (7% of b.w. saline, i.p.) demonstrated that females excreted a saline load more rapidly than males. Taken together, these results suggest that lower proximal transporters and reabsorption provoke a volume load dependent elevation in NCC and ENaC. This profile in females likely facilitates pressure natriuresis and maintains lower blood pressures.
Author Disclosures: L.C. Veiras: None. A. Tran: None. D.L. Ralph: None. A. Castello Costa Girardi: None. A.A. McDonough: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.