Abstract 16924: Initial AMSA and Increased AMSA After CPR Predict Second Shock Success in Initially Shock-resistant VF During Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest
Purpose: Amplitude spectrum area (AMSA), which is calculated from the ventricular fibrillation (VF) waveform using fast Fourier transformation, has been recognized as a predictor of successful defibrillation (DF) and as an index of myocardial perfusion and viability during resuscitation. In this study, we investigated whether a change in AMSA occurring during CPR would predict DF outcome for subsequent DF attempts after a failed DF. We hypothesized that a patient responding to CPR with an increase in AMSA would have an increased likelihood of DF success.
Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients who received a second DF due to initially shock-resistant VF. A total of 193 patients with an unsuccessful first DF were identified in a manufacturer database of electrocardiographic defibrillator records. AMSA was calculated for the first DF (AMSA1) and the second DF (AMSA2) during a 2.1 sec window ending 0.5 sec prior to DF. A successful DF attempt was defined as the presence of an organized rhythm with a rate ≥ 40 / min starting within 60 sec from the DF and lasting for > 30 sec. After the failed first DF, all patients received CPR for 2 to 3 minutes before delivery of the second DF. Change in AMSA (dAMSA) was calculated as dAMSA = AMSA2 - AMSA1.
Results: The overall second DF success rate was 14.5%. Multivariable logistic regression showed that both AMSA1 and dAMSA were independent predictors of second DF success with odds ratios of 1.24 (95% CI 1.12 - 1.38, p<0.001) and 1.27 (95% CI 1.16 - 1.41, p<0.001) for each mVHz change in AMSA or dAMSA, respectively.
Conclusions: In initially DF-resistant VF, a high initial AMSA value predicted an increased likelihood of second shock success. An increase of AMSA in response to CPR also predicted a higher second shock success rate. Monitoring of AMSA during resuscitation therefore may be useful to guide CPR efforts, possibly including timing of second shock delivery. These findings also further support the value of AMSA as indicator of myocardial viability.
Author Disclosures: U. Herken: Employment; Significant; ZOLL Medical. W. Quan: Employment; Significant; ZOLL Medical.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.