Abstract 16803: Relationships Between Invasive and Non-invasive Measures of Cardiac Function During Exercise in Heart Failure With Preserved or Reduced Ejection Fraction
Introduction: Assessment of cardiac function during exercise is critical in the clinical evaluation of patients with heart failure with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) ejection fraction. Direct invasive measurement of cardiac power (CP) and stroke work (SW) are robust measures of cardiac function. Non-invasive gas exchange based surrogates may provide practical means of assessing cardiac function in clinical and research settings; however, the relationship between invasive and non-invasive measurement of CP or SW during exercise is unclear in HFpEF and HFrEF. We aimed to assess relationships between invasive and non-invasive measures of CP and SW during exercise in HFpEF and HFrEF.
Methods: HFpEF (n=47) and HFrEF (n=29) (age 71±10 vs 55±10 yrs; EF% 62±8 vs 21±6%; BSA 2.1±0.3 vs 2.1±0.2 m2; weight 99±22 vs 87±15 kg; peak work 36±14 vs 37±13 watts (W), respectively; all p<0.05, except peak work) underwent peak exercise testing during right heart catheterization. Invasive measurement of cardiac pressures, hemodynamics, and arterial pressures were recorded at rest, 20 W, and peak work. Continuous measurement of HR and VO2 occurred from rest to peak work via 12-lead ECG and metabolic measurement system, respectively. Invasive measurements were calculated as, CP=(MAP–RAP) x Q x 2.22х10-3; SW=(MAP–PCWP) x SVI x 0.133; and non-invasive as, CP=VO2 x MAP; SW=VO2/HR x MAP. All indices adjusted for body surface area.
Results: At rest, there were moderate relationships between invasive and non-invasive measures of CP and SW in HFpEF (r=0.56 and 0.48) and HFrEF (0.57 and 0.73), respectively (all p<0.05). At 20 W, relationships between invasive and non-invasive measures of CP and SW strengthened in HFpEF (r=0.74 and 0.69) and HFrEF (0.74 and 0.72), respectively (all p<0.05). The relationships noted between invasive and non-invasive measures of CP and SW at 20 W persisted at peak work in HFpEF (r=0.74 and 0.67) and HFrEF (0.78 and 0.69), respectively (all p<0.05).
Conclusion: These data suggest that non-invasive estimates of CP and SW correlate closely with invasive measures and may be reasonable surrogates for these indices during peak exercise testing in both HFpEF and HFrEF patients.
Author Disclosures: E.H. Van Iterson: None. E.M. Snyder: None. B.A. Borlaug: None. T.P. Olson: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.