Abstract 16639: Low Yield of Additional Non-invasive Testing in Moderate Worst Stenosis by cCTA in Acute Chest Pain Patients - Results From a Clinical ED cCTA Registry
Introduction: Coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) allows efficient triage of low-intermediate risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS); appropriate management of patients with moderate stenosis by cCTA is unknown. We evaluated the yield of downstream testing in moderate stenosis patients in a clinical ED cCTA registry.
Methods: All consecutive ED patients with acute chest pain undergoing cCTA as part of routine care between October 2012 and July 2014 were screened. Patients with moderate as their worst stenosis (50-69% stenosis) on cCTA were included. Plaque characteristics, resting left ventricular function (by cCTA), results of any functional downstream non-invasive testing, invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and interventions, and discharge diagnosis were reported. ACS was defined as acute myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and adjudicated by an independent committee. Ischemia was defined as clear, territorial abnormality by myocardial perfusion scintigraphy imaging (MPI) or rest or stress echocardiogram, significant dynamic ST-T shift by exercise treadmill test (ETT) and stenosis >70% on ICA or fractional flow reserve (FFR) <0.75.
Results: 586 patients underwent cCTA, with 7.2% (n=42) deemed moderate stenosis. Rate of ACS was 14.2% (n=6) with all adjudicated as UAP. Of these, 83% had stenosis caused by lipid-rich plaque; 33% had wall motion abnormalities on cCTA. The majority (n=28; 66%) underwent downstream non-invasive testing. Overall, n=2 (6%) of the non-invasive tests were positive for ischemia while n=3 (42%) of the invasive tests were diagnosed as positive for ischemia (all revascularized) (Figure 1).
Conclusions: Unstable angina but not myocardial infarction is frequent among acute chest pain patients with moderate stenosis by cCTA. cCTA findings of lipid-rich plaque and resting functional abnormalities had a relatively higher yield vs. other non-invasive tests to detect ischemia.
Author Disclosures: S.A. Janjua: None. H.V. Vadvala: None. P.V. Staziaki: None. R.A. Takx: None. A.M. Prabhakar: None. J.T. Nagurney: None. T.G. Neilan: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Consultant at GSK. U. Hoffmann: None. B.B. Ghoshhajra: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.