Abstract 16623: Can We Predict Ventricular Arrhythmias in Familial Left Ventricular Non Compaction?
Introduction: Left Ventricular Non Compaction (LVNC) is an unclassified cardiomyopathy characterized by left ventricular hypertrabeculation and deep intertrabecular recesses in communication with the ventricular cavity. LVNC is often associated with other cardiomyopathies or with genetical disorders, and is familial at least in 25% of cases. The diagnosis is based on echocardiographic criteria (Chin et al. 1990; Jenni et al.2001; Stollberger et al. 1987-2002). Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to assess the value of echocardiographic parameters in predicting the occurrence of arrhythmic events in patients with familial LVNC.
Methods: we studied 26 subjects, aged 39.9 ± 16.2 years, 11 males and 15 females, at a single institution, representing 7 families with LVNC. None had concomitant hypertension, diabetes mellitus or other significant cardiovascular disorder. Patients were evaluated at 3-month interval either clinically or with 12-Lead ECG, echocardiography and 24-hour Holter monitoring. The average duration of follow up was 36 ± 9 months. Echocardiographic parameters, ejection fraction (EF) and end-diastolic diameter (EDD), were matched with ventricular arrhythmias (VA) to assess their predictive value. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the probability of ventricular events.
Results: Left Ventricular (LV) systolic function was depressed in 10 of 26 patients (38.5%), with a mean EF of 44 ± 3.2% at the first visit. Nine of 26 patients (34.6%) had LV dilatation (EDD ≥ 60 mm): among them only 5 patients (55.5%) had EF < 45%. Six of 26 patients (23.1%) underwent episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) during follow up. All 6 patients (100%) had LV dilatation, among them only 3 patients (50%) had depressed EF. By Chi square test and Kaplan Meier analysis, the only echocardiographic predictor of VA was LV dilatation (p < 0.001). Conclusions: In families with isolated LVNC, LV dilatation was the only echocardiographic predictor associated with subsequent development of ventricular arrhythmias. This finding might be helpful to optimally target preventive therapies in patients with familial LVNC.
Author Disclosures: R. Morgagni: None. G. Forleo: None. F. Romeo: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.