Abstract 16598: The Role of Paraoxonase 2 in Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury
Objectives: Paraoxonases (PON) gene family consists of three proteins PON1, PON2, and PON3. PON2 is an intracellular membrane-associated protein that is widely expressed in vascular cells and many tissues. At the subcellular level, PON2 is localized to both the ER and mitochondria, and protects against oxidative stress.
Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of PON2 in myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury.
Methods: PON2 deficient (PON2-/-) and WT male mice were subjected to in-vivo ischemia/reperfusion injury. The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 30 min followed by 24 hr of reperfusion. The infarct size, mitochondrial calcium retention capacity (CRC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were measured. The expression of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), GSK3b and phosphate GSK3b protein were examined by Western Blot. The number of animals was 5-7/group and data were expressed as mean±SEM. T test were used for statistical analysis. Probability values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: The infarct size was ~2 fold larger in PON2 deficient mice compared to WT mice (p<0.05). The threshold for opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in response to calcium overload was much lower in PON2-/- mice compared with WT mice (173±19 in PON2-/-, 250±41 in WT, nmol/mg-mitochondrial protein, p<0.05). The ROS production was ~2 fold higher in isolated cardiac mitochondria from PON2-/- mice compared with WT mice (p<0.05). ER stress protein CHOP increased significantly in PON2-/- mice compared to WT mice (normalized to WT: 1±0.05 in WT, 1.66±0.08 in PON2-/-, p<0.001). Phospho-GSK3b level was significantly downregulated in in PON2-/- mice compared to WT mice (pGSK3b/GSK3b normalized to WT: 1±0.06 in WT 0.67±0.08 in PON2-/-, p<0.05).
Conclusions: PON2 regulates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via inhibiting the opening of mPTP, which is associated with reduced mitochondria ROS production, deactivation of ER stress signaling CHOP and GSK3b.
Author Disclosures: J. Li: None. V.R. Grijalva: None. S.T. Reddy: None. M. Eghbali: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.