Abstract 16562: Cardiac Device Implantation Post TAVR: Mortality and Rates of Pacemaker Dependency
Background: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is often complicated by AV block requiring pacing, but whether patients recover AV conduction and whether the need for pacing affects outcomes is unknown.
Methods: We retrospectively studied 534 patients who underwent TAVR at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota between November 2008 and January 2015. Of these, 115 patients had implantable cardiac devices. Data was collected from subsequent device follow-ups to determine pacemaker dependency and percentage pacing.
Results: 44 patients (8.2%) had devices implanted in the immediate post procedural period. The most common indications for implantation were high grade AV block (18 patients) and complete heart block (14 patients). 17/44 (38.6%) patients were pacemaker-dependent at implant and only 4 of these patients were no longer pacemaker-dependent during subsequent followup. The indication for pacing among these four patients was high grade atrio-ventricular block (2 patients), asystole (1 patient) and complete heart block (1). Among non-pacemaker-dependent patients, no significant change in the ventricular pacing percentages was noted over time. Survival was similar between patients who required device implantation post TAVR and those who did not after adjustment for age and gender (HR 0.73 [0.39-1.36], p=ns; figure)
Conclusion: Patients requiring pacing after TAVR are often pacemaker-dependent at the time of implant. It is uncommon for patients who are dependent at the time of implant to regain AV conduction, but the need for cardiac pacing is not associated with increased mortality.
Author Disclosures: D. Padmanabhan: None. M. Eleid: None. A. Deshmukh: None. C. Scott: None. C. Mcleod: None. Y.M. Cha: None. S.P. Asirvatham: None. P. Friedman: None. K.L. Greason,: None. R.M. Gulati: None. P.M. Noseworthy,: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.