Abstract 16508: Effect of Disclosure of Genetic Risk for Coronary Heart Disease on Information Seeking and Information Sharing in a Randomized Clinical Trial (from the MI-GENES Investigators)
Background: Whether disclosing genetic risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) to individuals influences information seeking and information sharing is not known.
Methods: The myocardial infarction genes (MI-GENES) trial randomized participants aged 45-65 years who were at intermediate risk for CHD based on conventional risk factors and not on statins, to receive their conventional risk score (CRS) or their CRS plus a genetic risk score (GRS) based on 28 susceptibility variants. CHD risk was disclosed by a genetic counselor and then discussed with a physician. Surveys to assess information seeking (including internet use and accessing electronic health records (EHR)) were completed before and three and six months after risk disclosure. Information sharing parameters were assessed after risk disclosure. We assessed whether these behaviors differed by GRS disclosure, or by high (≥1.1) or low (<1.1) GRS. Adjustments were made for age, sex, family history of CHD, baseline CRS and GRS, and education. Results were reported as the mean difference (and standard error) in the score for each survey response between the GRS and CRS participants, with significance determined by regression analysis.
Results: GRS participants accessed their EHR to obtain information related to their CHD risk more than CRS participants (0.14 ± 0.06, p=0.03). Overall internet use (0.61 ± 0.23, p=0.01), as well as internet use to seek information about heart disease (0.14 ± 0.06, p=0.02) and how genetic factors affect risk of having a heart attack (0.23 ± 0.07, p=0.002), was significantly higher in the GRS participants. GRS participants shared information about heart attack risk with others (0.35 ± 0.13, p=0.007), particularly family members (0.1 ± 0.04, p=0.02), (V4: 0.10 ± 0.05, p=0.05), and their primary care provider (V4: 0.15 ± 0.07, p=0.03) more than CRS participants. Internet use, EHR access, and information sharing did not differ significantly between the high and low GRS groups.
Conclusions: Disclosure of GRS for CHD resulted in greater information seeking (including internet use and EHR access) and information sharing by study participants. Disclosure of genetic risk for CHD may help advance patient engagement in precision medicine.
Author Disclosures: S. Brown: None. H. Jouni: None. E. Austin: None. T. Marroush: None. I. Kullo: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.